Decline In Strike Activity Notes
This is a short sample from our Political Aspects of British Economics Notes collection which contains 25 pages of notes in total. If you find this useful you might like to consider purchasing our Political Aspects of British Economics Notes.
|Pages In Full Document||5|
|Original Document File Type:||Word (Doc) (Conversion to PDF is available post purchase if required)|
|Price:||Part of a package Political Aspects of British Economics Notes containing 5 other documents which retails for £24.99.|
The original file is a 'Word (Doc)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
Decline In Strike Activity RevisionThe following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Political Aspects of British Economics Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Political and Sociological Aspects of Economics Supervision 04
Essay Why did strike activities in Britain decline so substantially in the 1980s and 1990s?
The 1970s were the peak of strike activities in Britain, with 12.9 million working days
lost in the period 197079. The next two decades have witnessed a marked decline in
strike activity: From 198089, the number of lost working days fell to 7.2 million, and
in the period 199096, this number reached only 0.37 million, indicating a further fall
in strike activity.
Furthermore, in contrast to the strike record in the 70s, strikes in the
80s and 90s almost disappeared from the private sector and were virtually confined
to the public sector.
One of the reasons for the decline in strike activity can be found in the legislation of
the Thatcher government in the 1980s. The government outlawed secondary action,
which restricted strike action to the employer with whom the trade union was in
dispute. It also banned strikes conducted for political reason and regulated picketing
by limiting the number of people taking part. Even more important, the Thatcher
government introduced compulsory secret ballots for strike action. This was in
contrast to previous customs, where the decision for or against strikes were made by
raising hands. All these measures limited the legal opportunities for strikes and made
them more costly and harder to conduct. In addition, the new legislations made trade
unions legally accountable for actions taken in their name. It enabled unions to
restore control and reduce the number of unofficial strikes, which were a major
source of the growth in strike activity in the 60s and 70s.
Besides, the introduction of
secret ballots for strike action could also act as strike preventing measure. If a strike
ballots goes in favour of a strike, employers willing to avoid industrial action often
make new offers, which help to settle the dispute peacefully. Furthermore, new
****************************End Of Sample*****************************
Buy the full version of these notes and essays alongside much more in our Political Aspects of British Economics Notes.