Arms Race Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 10 page long Arms Race notes, which we sell as part of the A2 History Notes collection, a A package written at Heathfield School in 2015 that contains (approximately) 116 pages of notes across 25 different documents.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
Arms Race Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our A2 History Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Soviet Secrecy, along with Stalin & Khrushchev's boasting fuelled US fears
E.g construction of Hydrogen bomb due to actions in China & Berlin Blockade
USSR believed that the only way to guarantee their defensive needs was matching the USA
Prospect of nuclear war was horrifying, needed to stop other side using them- 'what do you do with a world after you have won a catastrophic nuclear war?'Eisenhower, 1954
Insurance against the enemy, used to gain concessions and further political goals Pride & Prestige:
Show off merits of Capitalism & Communism
April 1956 visit to London- Khrushchev told Eden's wife missiles could reach GB
Eisenhower feared 'bomber gap'
1961- Kennedy increased spending after criticising 'missile gap' Domestic Pressures:
Groups who benefitted from armaments gained power and influence
Attempts to cute spending were fiercely resisted
USA- Military Industrial Complex- highlighted dangers of falling behind
Public Fears- 'Missile gap' & 'Bomber gap'- Educational programmes- 'Duck and Cover campaign' August 1945- Developed by the USA and dropped on Hiroshima 1946- UN Baruch Plan failed- called on US to share knowledge, USSR saw it as an attempt to extend the nuclear monopoly August 1949- USSR Atomic bomb January 1950- Truman announces plan to build H-bomb
November 1952- H-bomb successfully tested (Mike Tests) August 1953- USSR Lithium bomb- no need for refrigeration March 1954- USA Lithium bomb 1955- USA- First bomber with intercontinental range. B52 Bombers 1956- USSR TU20 Bear- Slow and easily shot down- No Air bases near the USA 1957- USSR Develop ICBM October 1957- Sputnik launched November 1957- Sputnik II- Laika the dog January 1958- Explorer rocket deployed and deployment of ICBM's to the UK July 1960- USA Submarine missile, Polaris August 1960- USA Satellite discoverer show USSR have few missiles
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