Beginning The Thaw Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Beginning The Thaw notes, which we sell as part of the A2 History Notes collection, a A package written at Heathfield School in 2015 that contains (approximately) 116 pages of notes across 25 different documents.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
Beginning The Thaw Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our A2 History Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Beginning the Thaw The Eastern Bloc After Stalin:
Unrest in East Germany:
Ulbricht had increased production quotas by 10%
There was low living standards and high inflation
Protests lead to Ulbricht being called to the USSR and asked to modify his policies
His refusal meant Soviets sent in force to crush demonstrations Foreign Policy under Malenkov:
1953- helped peace treaty over Korea
1954- Withdrew from military bases in Finland
1955- reunited Austria under Austrian peace treaty
Improved relations with Tito
Red Army cut by 20%
Eisenhower's 'New Look':
Needed to balance defence spending an normal spending needs so focussed on nuclear arsenal rather than conventional forces
Believed massive retaliation would deter Soviets from war
Increase CIA from 7 stations to 47
Formed SEATO & CENTO
Believed allies would develop conventional forces if USA provided nuclear umbrella but this was not the case as they too tried to reduce defence spending
Confused nationalism for communism and therefore missed opportunities in 3rd world countries
1957- Sputnik & ICBM- missile gap Soviet Policy under Khrushchev:
Unpredictable Temperament- Eisenhower said his violent words were a substitute for real action
Cuts in defensive budgets caused problems with Kremlin Hardliners
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