A-Level Notes > Heathfield School A-Level Notes > A2 History Notes

China Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 13 page long China notes, which we sell as part of the A2 History Notes collection, a A package written at Heathfield School in 2015 that contains (approximately) 116 pages of notes across 25 different documents.

Learn more about our A2 History Notes

The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.

China Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our A2 History Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.

Ally with USSR


The Chinese Civil War:
-1931- Nationalists (Guomindang) and Communists (CCP)
-Allied during WW2 but resumed fighting after the war
-Stalin & West had supported the nationalists (US sent millions in aid)
-October 1949 Mao Zedong became new leader
-Nationalists flee to Taiwan The power balance was altered USSR were the first to recognise Mao's communist China- Quickly signed Treaty of Friendship
-To the West 'fall' of China was evidence of the Domino theory, their policy in South East Asia changed dramatically Why did USSR and China ally?
-Defence a security
-Learn from USSR 'our best friend from whom we must learn'
-Economic growth and aid
-United communist front
-One in the eye for USA
-Economic benefits, trade and loans
-Secures them not to ally with West

-December 1949- Mao travelled for face to face talks with Stalin in Moscow
-Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance:
-Economic aid of $300 million
-Machinery and Equipment- Aluminium plant in Henan
-Formal alliance-Soviet military assistance
-Chinese superiority over the province of Manchuria restored, handing back railways
-Mongolia stayed in Soviet Sphere
-Refused to give aid to conquer Taiwan
-No joint revolutionary strategy for East Asia
-Agreement to ban all non-Soviet foreigners from Manchuria
-Helped with the economic modernisation of China
-6x increase in Sino-Soviet trade between 1950-56
-1956 60% of Chinese trade was with USSR
-9313 Chinese technical experts trained at top Russian universities
-38,000 given vocational training in Siberia
-Nationalists also held control of the Taiwanese Islands
-USA refused to acknowledge the existence of communist China and recognised the regime of Chiang Kai-Shek in Taiwan
-1951- United Defence Assistance Agreement - signed US and Taiwan First Taiwan Crisis-1955:

-Sept. 1954- Mao decided to bomb the island of Quemoy
-Show his displeasure for SEATO
-Galvanise Chinese population behind nationalist cause
-Hoped to cement alliance with USSR US response:
-Signed mutual defence pact with Chang Kai-Shek, promising to defend Taiwan from communist invasion
-Formosa Resolution-Allowed Eisenhower to take whatever military action he thought necessary to defend Taiwan
-Eisenhower announced any move by the communists towards could be met by nuclear weapons-brinkmanship Come to an end:
-Guomindang did not back down
-Communists managed to win back the Taschen Islands in 1955- so were willing to take a more moderate line on Quemoy and Matsu
-Negotiations began in 1955
-China backed down and agreed to a ceasefire Second Taiwan Crisis:1958
-New shelling of Quemoy and a build up of Chinese troops
-US vessels were fired on Taiwan straights and the US prepared for war Why?

-Mao was frustrated by the lack of concessions and negotiations
-Test US commitment to Taiwan
-Stir up 'revolutionary enthusiasm'
-Tie down USSR to defence of China Come to an End:
-USSR refused to give China any support in attacking Taiwan
-Did publically stand for China to stop US ideas
-Oct.1958 Mao and Chinese Politburo had come to the conclusion that Quemoy and Matsu- were a valuable tool to apply pressure to the USA and Guomindang Impact of Taiwan Crises:
-Khrushchev feared Chinese foreign policy could pull USSR into nuclear war
-Mao was rash and dangerous
-Mao felt he could not rely on USSR
-Believed Khrushchev was too willing to compromise with the West How important was Ideology to Mao?
-Sino-Soviet treaty favoured USSR- China clearly junior partner
-Mao felt that attempting to advance the cause of world communism would improve china's standing
-He wanted to focus on the 'intermediate zone'- Asia, Africa and Latin America China was to become the supported of the oppressed people who were going through decolonisation
-Defensive-USA would have to control defensive zone before it could attack USSR or China

****************************End Of Sample*****************************

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our A2 History Notes.