Responsibility For The Cold War Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long Responsibility For The Cold War notes, which we sell as part of the A2 History Notes collection, a A package written at Heathfield School in 2015 that contains (approximately) 116 pages of notes across 25 different documents.
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Responsibility For The Cold War Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our A2 History Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Communist ideology is responsible:
- USSR'S loyalty to communism was a key factor in the development of the Cold War, it promoted hostility and a communist revolution
-Ideological stance became aggressive and expansionist leading forcing the USA to adopt the policy of containment View held by orthodox historians- William H. McNeiil, Herbert Feis and Arthur M. Schlesinger Evidence supporting claim:
-'Stalinisation' of Eastern Europe, e.g Poland, Hungary etc
-Coup In Czechoslovakia & Berlin Blockade
-COMINFORM designed to increase their control and COMECON controlled economic development according to communism
-Italian and French Communist parties began strikes
-Communism in China and support for North Korea Capitalism Ideology is responsible:
-Motivated by Capitalist expansion and pursuit of global markets
-Wanted to open up other parts of the world to American trade
-US economic imperialism compelled USSR to consolidate Easter bloc to prevent capitalist infiltration
-USSR had been weakened by WW2 and was in no position to pursue world revolution View held by revisionist historians- William A. Williams, Lloyd C. Gardner and Gabriel Kolko Evidence supporting Claim:
-'Open door' democracy lead to American international domination
-'Military industrial complex' encourage cold war for weapon companies profit
-Industrial production increased by 90% during war
-Lend-Lease ended abruptly
-Marshall plan is 'dollar imperialism' Strengths: Ideological differences were long standing, fundamental difference of World view, national interests were often conceived in ideological term
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