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Sino Soviet Relations Notes

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Sino Soviet Relations

03/12/2014

 The Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance- February 1950
-Military alliance against capitalist nations
-USSR loan China $300 million & equipment for 50 major construction projects
-USSR & China to set up joint company for mining
-Soviet experts helped run 141 business enterprises
-USSR had rights over outer Mongolia
 Effect:
-six-fold increase in Sino-Soviet trade from 1950-56
-1956 60% of China's trade was conducted by USSR
-Chinese workers were trained in Siberia
 Impact on US policy:
-Military support for Taiwan
-Military Aid for the Philippines
-Military and Financial support for the French in Vietnam
 Effects of Korean War on Sino-Soviet Relations:
-Increased China's dependence on USSR

-USSR gave China Aid for their 5 year plan
-Helped China build power plants
-Increase trade with China
 Taiwan
-1954 US and Taiwan signed Mutual Defence Treaty, guaranteeing Taiwan's independence
-Khrushchev publically announced to back China if it was invaded
 Deterioration of Relationship 1954-58:
-China was still dependant on Soviet aid but it began to emerge as an ideological rival
-1958- Mao launched 'Great Leap forward'- rejection of USSR's model economic development- He was willing to forge his own path, believing Khrushchev was not a real revolutionary
-August 1958- Khrushchev was deliberately humiliated by Mao in his visit to China- Photo-opportunity by swimming pool knowing Khrushchev couldn't swim
China's national and military interests:
-July 1958- Khrushchev proposed joint Russian-Chinese control over China's nuclear weapons
-Mao saw this as patronizing
-September 1958- China began bombarding Taiwan for the second time, Khrushchev refused to support fearing the potential of a nuclear war

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