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Fighting The War Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 9 page long Fighting The War notes, which we sell as part of the AS WW1 Notes collection, a A package written at Heathfield School in 2014 that contains (approximately) 28 pages of notes across 4 different documents.

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Fighting The War Revision

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1914

30/10/2014

 Battle of Mons
-Sharp British shooting from the trenches stopped the German attack
-BEF retreated 150 miles in line with the French
-10,000 GB casualties by the end of the month (1/8 of the army)
 Battle of the Marne (September) Trench warfare begins
-French launched a counter attack on the right flank of German Army
-French then exploited gap causing German retreat for the first time
-Germans pulled back to Aisne
-BEF followed but could not move them from their entrenched position
-Both tried to outflank northwards, stretching line of the trenches
-Belgium ports were priority
 1st Battle of Ypres (October)
- BEF 50,000 casualties
-German massacre of the innocents
 End of the Year
-Northern France and Belgium occupied by the Germans
-500 miles of trenches- channel to Swiss border

-BEF expanded to 250,000 men
 Positional Warfare
-Defensive- hold territory
-'attrition'
-Static form of warfare
-Territorials and Canadian divisions arrive, BEF expands
-Munitions crisis, acute shortage of shells and heavy guns
-Liberals, Labour and Conservatives form a national government
-Douglas Haig replaces French
-Theatre of war expands- Ottoman empire joins on Germany's side
 Second Battle of Ypres (April)
-German offensive
-Launched poison gas
-5,000 GB troops die in 10 minutes
-Germans gained ground around Ypres but did not fully exploit the gap created
-60,000 GB casualties
-35,000 German
 Battle of Loos (September)

-Haig launches offensive
-Artillery bombardment and release 5000 cylinders of Chlorine
-Germans reinforced their defences as French delayed GB reserves being available
-50,000 GB Casualties
-35,000 German
-French replaced by Haig
 The Battle of the Somme (July-November)
-Explosives needed to get through barbed wire
-Enemy artillery was difficult to accurately pinpoint
-Soldiers had to get through their own barbed wire before getting to no mans land
-Soldiers had heavy backpacks to carry
-Telephone lines constantly cut by shell fire, communication was difficult
 Defence
-Artillery bombardment made it obvious when an infantry attack was coming
-Attacker was an easy target once in no mans land
-German trenches were usually heavily fortified
GB asked to launch an attack at the Somme in an effort to draw the Germans away from Verdun 7 day bombardment using 1 ½ million shells before infantry attack

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