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War Economy Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 8 page long War Economy notes, which we sell as part of the AS WW1 Notes collection, a A package written at Heathfield School in 2014 that contains (approximately) 28 pages of notes across 4 different documents.

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War Economy Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our AS WW1 Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.

War Economy


 Defence Of The Realm Act (DORA)-1914
-Government powers to control social and economic activity- Take over any factory, Land, workshop and Censor newspapers
 Banned:
-Talk of Military of naval acts in public
-Buy binoculars
-Light bonfire or fireworks
-Ring church bells

 Drink
-1914- restricted pub opening hours
-1915- Central Liquor Control Board- restrict sale of alcohol in areas important to the war effort
-1917-Drinking habits of 93% of the population were regulated
-Alcohol made more expensive beer rose from 3d a pint to 10d from 1914-18, spirit prices rose by 500%
 Taxation:
-Rate of income tax increased from 6% to 30% between 1914-16
-Income of tax was charged went down from £160 a year to £130
-6 million more people were paying income tax

 Cost of the War
-£3.85m per day
-National debt increased from £625m-£8,000m
-30% made up from raising income tax
-Government persuaded for war bonds
-22nd February 1915 Lloyd George circulated the memo arguing all industry to be geared towards total war and factories to focus on munitions production
-May 1915 Colonel Repington published an article about shell shortages causing a national outcry
-Lloyd George met with trade unions and made
 Ministry of Munitions
-controlled all aspects of industry, wages, profits, hours etc.
-Introduced Munitions of War Act headed by Lloyd George
-1918- staff of 6,500 employing 3 million in 20,000 factories
-shell deliveries rose from 5.3 million (1915) to 35.4 million (1916) Munitions of War Act 1915:
-All industries for war effort put under the control of the Ministry of munitions
-Strikes and lockouts were prohibited

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