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Edward Iv The Second Reign Of Edward Iv (How Far Did Edward Achieve Stability During His Second Reign) A7 Notes

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History Revision Notes Unit 1 A6. THE SECOND REIGN OF EDWARD IV. How far did Edward achieve stability during his second reign?
KEY EVENTS: 1471

1472 1475 1478 1482 1483

Edward IV wins Battle of Barnet. Warwick killed. Wins Battle of Tewkesbury. Edward killed. Henry VI murdered in the Tower. Richard made Duke of Gloucester. France invaded. Treaty of Picquigny signed. Clarence executed after being attainted. Gloucester invades Scotland successfully. Edward IV dies after short illness.

KEY POINTS OF SUCCESS:
- Much stronger position in 1471 than 1461.
- Deaths of Henry and his son, Edward meant that there was no-one to challenge him.
- He was an able politician, with the right mix of firmness and mercy.
- He expanded his power base, using regional magnates.
- He married and provided two sons.
- He launched successful invasions of France and Scotland.
- There were no battles or rebellions during his second reign. AREAS TO EXAMINE:

1. Overcoming opposition (Great success :D)
- Prince Edward was killed at Tewkesbury in 1471. Removed future threat with likely French backing and ended M of A's ambitions.
- Lack of Lancastrian claimants due to Henry's lack of close relatives. Henry Tudor under house arrest by William Herbert.
- No more over-mighty subjects after Warwick's death.
- Clarence neutralised after being executed for treason (accused Ed of necromancy).
- Warwick's daughters had married into Edward's family.

2. Use of regional magnates (Fairly successful :))
- Edward built up a powerful group of magnates to control the kingdom, and did so tactfully, ensuring he chose those who would stay loyal (gave power to "must trustworthy" family members - Croyland Chronicle):

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