A-Level Notes > Stratford Upon Avon Grammar School For Girls A-Level Notes > AQA History AS - 1B: Britain, 1483-1529 Notes

Control Of The Nobility Notes

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Control of the Nobility -­‐ punishments

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! Henry was willing to use aggressive action to gain loyalty


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Bond
! Written document binding one person to another to perform an action
‣ If they fail to do this then they break the bond and must pay a fine

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Recognisance
! When one formally acknowledges a debt or some other obligation
! Can be enforced by means of penalties
‣ Usually financial such as a heavy fine


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! Such promises and obligations usually centred around issues such as good behaviour
and keeping the peace


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! These methods are not new but are used much more widely by Henry BII

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‣ Edward IV / Richard III -­‐ imposed such punishments on 20 peers
‣ Henry VII -­‐ imposed them on 46 peers (75% nobility)
- Henry imposed bonds on 23 families more than once
✦ Such punishment had only occurred once under the previous 2
kings

! Henry fined the nobles large sums of money

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‣ 1507 -­‐ Lord Burgavenny was fined £70,000
- There was no chance that he could pay this

Acts of Attainder
! Act of Parliament where you can declare someone guilty of a certain crime against the
Crown, usually treason, without putting them on trial
‣ Crown seizes their title and possessions


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! Not created by Henry VII -­‐ he does, however, use them differently
! Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Howard
‣ Sided with Richard at Bosworth
‣ Lost title and family estates -­‐ went into the Tower
- Henry uses this as a carrot and stick
- As a reward for good behaviour, Howard is released from the Tower and
given one of his previous titles, the Earl of Surrey
- Henry has now gained his loyalty -­‐ sends him North to suppress the
rebellion in 1489


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! Henry takes everything away and then gives small amounts back for good behaviour

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‣ Attainders were reversible
- Historian J. Lander -­‐ attainders were 'sanctions for good behaviour'

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