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Early Problems For Henry Vii 1486 Notes

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Early Problems for Henry VII (1486)

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! Easter 1486 -­‐ Lovell Rebellion

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‣ Francis, Lord Lovell and the Stafford brothers break out of sanctuary in
Colchester
- Rather desperate and gained little support -­‐ not so much of a threat
‣ The elder Stafford was executed while the younger was pardoned
‣ 1487 -­‐ Act of Parliament set up a special court with officials to investigate
treason in the royal household

! Rumours of an impostor to the throne, Lambert Simnel

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‣ There are also rumours that the Earl of Warwick has escaped to the Channel
Islands -­‐ even though he is definitely still in the Tower

! Agents of the Earl of Lincoln are caught taking bags of gold and silver to Hull and

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Tynemouth

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patronage of Margaret of Burgundy

! April -­‐ reports that an invasion fleet was being prepared in Burgundy under the

All of these threats culminate to decrease Henry's security on the throne


Rebellions

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Lambert Simnel (February-­‐June 1487)
! Richard Symonds was a cleric who tutored 11 year old Lambert Simnel -­‐ the cleric
thought Simnel looked like Edward, Earl of Warwick
‣ It is unlikely Symonds thought of the plot -­‐ Henry later thought it was John de
la Pole, Earl of Lincoln and nephew of Richard III
Symonds claimed that
Simnel was the Earl of Warwick and a rightful heir to the throne
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‣ But the Earl of Warwick was still imprisoned in the Tower -­‐ Henry even had to
parade him around London to prove this!

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! Margaret of Burgundy gave shelter to Lovell and John de la Pole, acknowledged Simnel
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as her nephew and raised 2,000 mercenaries
The troops landed in Dublin in January 1487 -­‐ they were welcomed by the Earl of Kildare
March 1487 -­‐ Simnel was crowned as Edward VI in Dublin Cathedral
4th June -­‐ landed in Lancashire
‣ Gained little support
16th June -­‐ rebel army of 8,000 men confronted Henry's army of 12,000 men near East
Stoke


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! Battle of Stoke -­‐ won by Henry
‣ Seen by some as the last major conflict of the Wars of the Roses
‣ Could have been like Bosworth

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Consequences of Lambert Simnel
! Could have been a large threat -­‐ like Bosworth
! Not about Simnel being Edward -­‐ he is just a figurehead
‣ It is about removing Henry and getting power

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! The Earl of Lincoln was killed and Lovell died soon after
‣ Removes two potential threats
Simnel was captured and became a turnspit in the royal kitchens
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‣ Shows leniency and trivialises the affair

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! Henry perceived the rebellion to be a threat
‣ Until October he went through areas of possible disaffection receiving oaths of
loyalty and punishing offenders
- Aggressive approach
! Only 28 men were attained -­‐ much less land to reward supports with than after the
Buckingham Revolt (1483)
! Forced to keep Kildare as Lord Deputy of Ireland


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! Yet was it a threat?
‣ Parliament in November 1487 spent more time on those who thought
themselves above the law than with Henry's enemies


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