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Agents Of Social Control 40m Detailed Essay Plan Notes

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Agents of Social Control (AOSC) essay PLAN Paragraph one:

Power and control is exercised through agents of social control who play a key role in social construction of crime and deviance- DEFINE social construction: i.e. macro & micro- use concept of criminalisation & give evidence (i.e. Rastafarianism)

AOSC= social institutions and individuals (agents) in them who have the power to control and enforce social laws/ social rules.

EG CCTV in Muslim areas in Birmingham or operation Leopard (current studies)

Emphasise that for Marxism AOSC have a negative role and functionalists have a positive role and labelling theories emphasise roles of stereotypes

Paragraph two:

Give a clear definition of social control

Give an example of formal social control eg laws (police force)

Give an example of formal social control eg family- state distinction is not clear because it depends on society for example compare religion in the UK and Iran- reinforce social construction.

Marxists argue AOSC used by ruling class to control proletariat/
functionalists argue that AOSC reinforce the common value system. Paragraph three:

Mention the role of the criminal justice system and different agents EG the police Police and occupational culture known as 'canteen culture'- use Holdaway as study evidence/ secret policeman programme

Mention police discretion/ dispersal and stop and search- EG Brixtonreference Gilroy and Muslim areas (this would be following up from the introduction in more detail)

Labelling theory and stereotypes- use Cicoulrel study Paragraph four:

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