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Henry Viii's Final Years Notes

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Henry's Final Years (1542-47) Development of Factions: Catherine Parr and Cranmer
 Absence of a Minister between 1540-47 meant that disputes between factions were more exposed.
 The marriage of Henry and Catherine Howard put the conservative faction in ascendancy
 The disgrace brought upon this group by her behaviour led to shift in influence to Reformist faction (leader Edward Seymour)
 Each if the two faction were determined to pursue its own interest
 Catherine Parr and Thomas Cranmer were in influence by the reformist faction Influence of Catherine Parr

Chosen as for companionship in Henry's Last years


There were several attempt to link her with heretic Anne Askew

Common to many literate Women (Cathereine Aragón and Lady Mary) she was influenced by work of Erasmus

Rumours spread that she was linked to Heretic, as she owned heretical literature. A bill of articles was drawn up against her signed by the King required her to state her beliefs in public in front of Henry. She used her intelligence by hiding her books and made a speech to Henry arguing Women are inferior to men. This avoided being caught up as a victim of dispute between factions.

After death of Henry she published two works

Henry believed his Wives views should be subordinate to his, at the same time he relied on their active participation in the government of the country. (Catherine of Aragón headed military campaign against Scots in 1513) (Catherine Parr appointed Queen Regent as henrys last and unsuccessful campaign in France. Position of Cranmer

Cranmer was in a relatively weak position

For conservative faction he was a hurdle to returning to the Church to a more conservative position

Conservative tried to link him with heretical views to undermine Henry's confidence.

He opposed the Act of Six Articles

1543 April - two reformers in Turner and Bland were brought before Privy Council. Articles were presented against them to Council, additional articles were added attacking Cranmer and linked him to the PREBENDARIES PLOT. (Compliant by the Conservative factions of heretics)

Cranmer did not know about his link till later

Henry did not inform him of the accusations until September. Henry appointed Cranmer to lead the investigations against him.

Henry showed his trust in his to Cranmer by giving him his personal ring. He wearing this would show Cranmer's opponents that he had the Kings support. Kings Book
 G.W.Benard argues that the religious policy was that of Henry himself, rather than that of the factions.

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