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Topic 10 Stuggling For Survival Notes

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The Emergence of a Great Power? Spain 1492-1556 Section Four - Charles I King of Spain and Charles V HRE: Divided Loyalties 1529-56 Topic One - Charles V: Struggling for survival

Responsibility


At the age of 22 Charles I was ruler of two territories;
 Inheritance of the crown in Spain
 Elected role of HRE By 1529 = responsibilities of two territories overwhelming Son Phillip was acting as regent in Spain

Commitments



Had to spend more time in HRE Spainiards regarding him as a visitor Wanted to suppress Lutheranism Wanted to be accepted by his country

HRE









According to Maltby - difficult for the princes to form a united front about any issue

Was secular ruler Elected in 1519 Crowned in Bologna 1530 by Clement VII HRE was an issue due to its political condition HRE consisted of 360 states According to Maland - The Imperial Ambitious Princes wanting independence Diet was obstructive' Charles never fully in control Charles' earlier agreement to the 'Capitulation' was a As it only gave opportunity for stumbling block as he had to support the rights of the Princes princes to stop emperor from Charles expected to support Pope dealing with religion imposing his policies in German Threat from Turks on eastern border of Empire and along lands the Mediterranean Sea

Challenge of Protestantism




Created open division Conflict caused Luther summoned to Diet of Worms, but although outlawed - did not end his influence Princes willing to embrace Protestantism as a means of political independence for themselves Some compromise achieved at Diet of Augsburg 1555- Princes could make the decision of the religion of their own state

Dates after election as HRE Charles was in Spain





April 1533 - April1535 December 1536 - Spring 1538 July 1538 - November 1539 November 1541 - May 1543 September 1556 - September 1558

Amounts to a total of six years out of 20 years

Spain





Charles fortunate that he had a strong system of government in Spain who would keep the system going for him while he had problems in HRE Phillip Regent No fixed Capital Administrators worked from Valladolid but councils still followed the progress of the King or Regent Cobos - Charles' secretary in consequence created a system of archiving records = making aces sot records easier Cortes
 Records show Cortes unhappy with Charles' absences
 Charles tried to calm situation by appointing Spain official in government
 After Comuneros Revolt = Charles increasingly supported by the Castilian Cortes financially
 By 1543 repayments accounted for 43-65% of revenue raised by the Cortes
 Nevertheless= Cortes still tried to get their own way EG// Castilian Cortes at Toledo in 1538 - a tax on food called sisa was rejected by Cortes then dismissed = showing Cortes was important but not fully in partnership with the Crown

Spanish Finances








Sources of finance
 Tax
 Juros
 Bullion
 Trade Debt was increasing Repayments took up large amounts of incoming revenue - 1543 - 65% of income spend on Debt Spanish Treasury had to repay all the debt even the HRE debt = burden Foreign loans taken = meaning foreigners had interest in Spanish investment Spanish government found it difficult financing Charles as HRE Bullion from New World made financial and economic position worseto Mulgan on According Bullion gave the appearance of wealth so those selling goods Bullion that it was 'a poisoned Chalice' Raised prices A lot of Bullion did not stay in Spain but exported - spreading Analysis Inflation Something that looks good on the outside but highly toxic

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