Anabaptism And Other Radical Movements Notes
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Anabaptism and other radical movements The Radical Reformation
Radical Reformation: Extreme reformers ie rejection of Infant Baptism Anabaptists: Means baptism again - which was their main belief of adult Baptism H.G Koenigsberger 'Radicalism was the religion of the poor' The Radicals pushed beyond the conservative and cautions reformations of Luther and Zwingli
• The Radicals said that when the Millennium came the poor would inherit the earth and the rich would be cast down - Egalitarianism
• they believed the Second Coming was about to happen
• Believed they were amongst the saved
• Bible was a Hindrance because they could directly connect with God
• Strict codes of behaviour and dress
• Did not accept authority Development of the Radical Reformation The Swiss Brethren
• Zurich radicals lead by Grebel, Hubmaier, Mantz felt Zwingli was not following Scripture as he did not accept adult Baptism
• Grebel and his followers told people not to accept infant baptism and stop paying tithes and images on the crucifix
• Council had to act and put leaders of Swiss Brethren in prison
• 1526-Council ordered death penalty by drowning
• Remaining Swiss Brethren scattered to remote mountain areas in to German Lands.
• Grebel was in contact with Carlstadt and Thomos Munzer, who caused Luther much trouble Carlstadt
• Andreas Carlstadt directed the Reformation in Wittenberg when Luther was in Wartburg
• Views were far more radical
• Luther's return ended his radicalism Munzer
• Claimed that the Scriptures were not as important as to direct links with the Holy Spirit
• Believed Christ would return
• He prophesied the coming of the end of the world
• His fiery preaching gained him a number of keen followers
• 1524- Became Minister at Muhlhausen
• Involved in Peasants war 1525 and defeated by German Princes
• he gathered together an 'Elect of 300' and the peasants gathered 8000 o the forces of John of Saxony and Philip of Hesse concentrated against them o princes' scattered the peasants, many were killed and Munzer was defeated
• he would never had gained support of more influential people Upper Germany and Moravia
• Small numbers of Anabaptists set up a group in Augsburg
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