John Calvin And The Genevan Reformation Notes
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John Calvin and the Genevan Reformation (1509-64) The Establishment of Calvinism Calvin's writings
• Calvin's theology was not new and he accepted much of the work of the Lutherans
• fierce critic of the papacy
Institutes of Christian Religion (1535-6) - one of the most influential reference works in religious history o the purpose was to outline main Protestant beliefs, not Calvinist beliefs o showed that Protestantism could be well organised and effective]
• Predestination not a original idea it was developed by Calvin
• Catholics and Protestants accepted that God has chosen those who will be saved
• the belief that God had predestined that some people should be saved (Elect) and some should be damned (Reprobates)
• Taught people should live their lives in hope for salvation
• G.R Elton argued that Calvinists came to think it was possible to know if you were the elect if you were prosperous in this world ie rich The Bible as a basis for all belief
• the Bible alone defined all theology and doctrines should be tested against it
• by using the Bible as a basis for all belief, he believed that the Church could recover it's original vitality and purity God
• Was a Just God
• Sinner should know god through scriptures
• Only thing sinners can do is beg God Sacraments
• Accepted Infant Baptism
• Accepted Eucharist
• Denied Transubstantiation because he believed Christ was in Heaven
The Ecclesiastical Ordinances (1541 First draft) - book that outlined how the Church should be structured, helped set up four new orders of ministers o Pastors - were to teach, preach and administer the Word of God o Doctors- were to teach true doctrines and act as teachers o Deacons - were to care for the poor, needy and sick o Elders - were to supervise every person's conduct o The Ordinances set up schools in each parish o The Ecclesiastical Ordinances provided the first example of a clear, welldefined structure of government for a Protestant Church First Ministry in Geneva, 1536-38
• he was approached by William Farel, who had already begun a reformation in the city
• Calvin and Farel had to organise the reformation
• Geneva was not controlled by a single family because they had to be elected meaning Calvin's opponents were never in power for long
• Political Factions, Pro Bern and Pro French. (Calvin was Pro French)
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