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Essay Plan ‘Germany Underwent A Period Of Significant Social And Cultural Change In The Years 1924 30.’ How Far Do You Agree With This Judgement Notes

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Essay plan ­ 'Germany underwent a period of significant social and cultural change in the years 1924­30.' How far do you agree with this judgement?
Social change:

• Welfare:

• Welfare state + social safety net for all enshrined in the constitution

• 1927, unemployment insurance introduced, covering 17M workers, largest such
scheme anywhere in world

• State subsidies provided for the construction of parks, schools, sports facilities +
other local amenities

• Housing & Health:

• By 1929, GVT spending on housing 33X higher than 1913

• 1927­30, 300,000 homes built or renovated

• 1913­28, deaths from tuberculosis fell 39%, with similar falls for other diseases

• Doctors per 10,000 people increased from 4.8 in 1909 to 7.4 in 1930

• Permissive society:

• Gay life flourished in Berlin, far more acceptable + less stigma

• Women:

• While % of women in employment rose only slightly (rose 4.4% 1907­25), quality of
jobs women held increased, EG % of women in white collar + public employment
almost doubled 1907­25, but from an admittedly low base Social no change:

• Women:

• Attitudes to women + their role in society remained traditional

• 1932 law passed so women in civil service who were second­earners (so­called
Doppelverdiener) in family could be more easily dismissed, showing lack of change
in attitudes + equality

• % of women in employment only increased 4.4% 1907­25, small rise

• Women worked during war, but gave up jobs after to 'hand back to the men'

• Attitudes:

• Outside large urban areas, traditional view of women still widespread + most didn't
tolerate homosexuality

• Often many changes + experimentation + permissive society concentrated in Berlin

• Greater tolerance of minorities + right of all regions, as religious freedom
guaranteed in constitution.

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