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Essay Plan ‘Nazi Consolidation Of Power In 1933 Was Primary Due To The Use Of Terror And Violence.’ How Far Do You Agree With This Judgement Notes

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Essay plan ­ 'Nazi Consolidation of power in 1933 was primary due to the use of terror and violence.' How far do you agree with this judgement?
Terror and violence:

• Electoral intimidation:

• March 1933 Reichstag elections in an atmosphere of violence + intimidation.

• Nazis increased vote to 43.5%, a failure as 2/3 majority needed to pass the Enabling
Act, a constitutional stumbling block for the Nazis. BUT to gain 1/2 majority simply
arrested the 81 communist deputies.

• BUT, EG unusually high 88% turnout suggests that the SA were a significant factor in
'scaring' people into voting Nazi + intimidating voters.

• Not a free + fair election, as SA harassed + attacked SPD + KPD voters + politicians +
EG KPD leader Ernst Thalmann + 4,000 other KPD members arrested shortly before
election.

• EG In Prussia, Goring used role as Prussian Minister (w/responsibility for police) to
50,000 mostly SA+SS into police, used to break­up LW meetings + harass political
opponents

• EG 25,000 political prisoners in custody in Prussia alone by end of April

• EG 69 people died during election campaign as a result.

• Enabling act:

• 24 March 1933 Enabling Act (Hitler could pass laws by decree, bypassing President +
Reichstag) presented to an intimidated Reichstag.

• Brown­shirted Nazi SA packed the gallery + entrances, w/KPD banned from voting.

• Law passed 444 votes to 94.

• Political opponents:

• Total of 150,000­200,000 political opponents prisoned during 1933 with Himmler
opening up the Dachau concentration camp for political opponents.

• KPD banned since Reichstag fire, SPD officially banned 22 June 1933 + killing of 100
socialists who resisted arrested, + threat of violence, led all other parties to 'voluntarily'
disband + 14 July, Nazis declared the only legal party

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