This is an extract of our Essay Plan The Chaotic Nature Of The Nazi Governmental Structure Explains The Failures In German War Production During The Second World War. How Far Do You Agree document, which we sell as part of our Edexcel A-Level History; Kaiser to Fuhrer; Germany 1900-45 Notes collection written by the top tier of University Of Oxford students.
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Essay plan The chaotic nature of the Nazi Governmental structure explains the failures in German war production during the Second World War. How far do you agree?
Chaotic nature of GVT:
* Production Production lagged behind the Allies early on in production. EG 1941 Germany produced 3,800, lower than Britain, USA, USSR each produced + EG Germany also produced lowest no.aircraft in 1941, just over 1/2 of Britain's production
+ EG production remained disappointingly low as no. aircraft produced increased only 20% 193941 despite 100% increase (doubling) in military spending in same period, while GB had trebled aircraft production in the same period.
* Polycratic state Early on, no clear, centralised structure, EG w/duties of Ministry of Armaments overlapping with Office of the 4yr plan, SS bodies, Ministries of Finance +
Economics + branches of armed forces.
* Infighting Political infighting w/local Gauleiters trying to control local areas at expense of local plans of party, army + state with confused + poor results.
* BUT, after Albert Speer appointed Minister of Munitions Feb 1942 + then given responsibility for all war production, industry + raw materials as Minister for Armaments and Production in Sep 1943, chaotic nature of GVT no longer main reason for failures of war production
* Speer's efficiency drive Established a Central Planning Board to centrally co
ordinate war production + limit overlapping ministries, deployed production lines, introduced better processes (EG amount of aluminium in guns cut 93%) encouraged standardisation of arms to reduce production time, more mechanisation, better use of floor space + more
* Results of Speer 6 months after Speer, EG ammunition production increased 97%, tank production rose 25%, total arms production rose 59% + EG by mid 1944 total arms production more than trebled from Speer.
* BUT, despite this, chaotic nature of GVT still hampered production, just less than before, as Speer couldn't solve chaotic, polycratic state on his own, but improved matters. Allied bombing:
* Prevented German war production from increasing further, and contributed to peak production in August 1944, well below potential output possible.
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