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Essay Plan The Chaotic Nature Of The Nazi Governmental Structure Explains The Failures In German War Production During The Second World War. How Far Do You Agree Notes

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Essay plan ­ The chaotic nature of the Nazi Governmental structure explains the failures in German war production during the Second World War. How far do you agree?
Chaotic nature of GVT:

• Pre­Speer:

• Production ­ Production lagged behind the Allies early on in production. EG 1941
Germany produced 3,800, lower than Britain, USA, USSR each produced + EG
Germany also produced lowest no.aircraft in 1941, just over 1/2 of Britain's production
+ EG production remained disappointingly low as no. aircraft produced increased only
20% 1939­41 despite 100% increase (doubling) in military spending in same period,
while GB had trebled aircraft production in the same period.

• Polycratic state ­ Early on, no clear, centralised structure, EG w/duties of Ministry of
Armaments overlapping with Office of the 4­yr plan, SS bodies, Ministries of Finance +
Economics + branches of armed forces.

• Infighting ­ Political infighting w/local Gauleiters trying to control local areas at expense of local plans of party, army + state with confused + poor results.

• Post­Speer:

• BUT, after Albert Speer appointed Minister of Munitions Feb 1942 + then given
responsibility for all war production, industry + raw materials as Minister for Armaments
and Production in Sep 1943, chaotic nature of GVT no longer main reason for failures
of war production

• Speer's efficiency drive ­ Established a Central Planning Board to centrally co­
ordinate war production + limit overlapping ministries, deployed production lines,
introduced better processes (EG amount of aluminium in guns cut 93%) encouraged
standardisation of arms to reduce production time, more mechanisation, better use of
floor space + more

• Results of Speer ­ 6 months after Speer, EG ammunition production increased 97%,
tank production rose 25%, total arms production rose 59% + EG by mid 1944 total arms production more than trebled from Speer.

• BUT, despite this, chaotic nature of GVT still hampered production, just less than
before, as Speer couldn't solve chaotic, polycratic state on his own, but improved
matters. Allied bombing:

• Prevented German war production from increasing further, and contributed to peak
production in August 1944, well below potential output possible.

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