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Essay Plan ‘The Main Opposition During Wwii Came From The Youth.’ How Far Do You Agree With This Judgement Notes

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Essay plan ­ 'The main opposition during WWII came from the youth.' How far do you agree with this judgement?
Youth:

• Many young people became alienated by the increasing regimentation of youth groups,
such as the Hitler Youth, which the 1939 Hitler Youth Law made compulsory

• A minority formed active opposition to the Nazi regime, EG disaffected youth groups
formed such as the Edelweiss pirates (who attacked Hitler Youth) + Hans + Sophie Scholl led Munich students in the White Rose Group, which distributed anti­Nazi leaflets + led
anti­Nazi demonstrations, most notably in Munich 1943.

• BUT, resistance brutally put down, EG 12 Edelweiss pirates publicly hanged in Cologne +
Scholl siblings arrested + executed.

• Despite youth discontent, active resistance limited + discouraged successfully by brutal
punishment of youth who opposed actively the regime. Church:

• Occasional opposition from Church. EG individual opposition of Bishop von Galen against T4 euthanasia programme + 1941 protest against removal of crucifixes in schools from
Bavaria both led to policy changes.

• BUT, opposition extremely minimal overall + opposition often from isolated individuals,
with no large institutional backlash from the Church against the immorality of the Nazis'
actions, failing to condemn Jewish extermination.
Left­wing:

• According to Nazi statistics, most common form of opposition from the LW + communists.
EG of 32,5000 death sentences ordered by Gestapo during war for political reasons,
20,000 for communists + socialists + EG Dec 1941 stats show 405 people arrested for
being communists BUT only 12 arrested from the Church who opposed the Nazi regime.
Indicates LW opposition the most widespread, but also effectively infiltrated + stopped by
Gestapo.

• LW resistance forced underground w/splinter groups formed, EG Harnack + Schulze­
Boysen formed Red Orchestra + Robert Unrig set up resistance cells, w/89 factory cells in Berlin alone in 1941.

• BUT, Nazi Gestapo highly active in infiltrating + stamping out these groups, EG 1943
communist resistance devastated + leader, Wilhelm Knochel, arrested. Effectively
stopped by Nazis, despite widespread opposition from LW.

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