Biosocial Approach To Gender Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long Biosocial Approach To Gender notes, which we sell as part of the Psychology Notes collection, a B package written at York College in 2015 that contains (approximately) 157 pages of notes across 48 different documents.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
Biosocial Approach To Gender Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Psychology Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Biosocial approach to gender
Interaction of biological and social influences on gender development
Money and Erhardt 1972 Biological male/ female is born - social labelling of 'boy' or 'girl' - suggests label leads to differential treatment - interaction Look at genitalia to establish sex Combination of label and social/ biological interactions that comes with that - both are seen as important in determining behaviour - not just a direct influence of biology Sex influences social interaction Can test this by seeing if adults respond differently to a baby based on sex So sex is as important as temperament in the way adults respond - sexual stereotypes do influence but these expectations may not lead to differences in children - or do adults act differences already present Condry and Condry 1976 - looked at influences of child's sex and treatment by parents/ adults - 200+ adults shown video of baby - baby introduced as David to some and as Dana to others - baby shown interacting with toys - when David cried at the jack-in-a-box, most labelled it as anger - for Dana, the same behaviour was labelled as fear - differences between male and female babes are in the eye of the beholder - stereotypes of anger being a masculine emotion and fear is a feminine emotion Gender schemas influences how we interpret people's behaviour Smith and Lloyd 1978 - babies dressed in unisex snow suits and given male/ female names - found baby was given toys that matched the gender of the name - also treated boys more vigorously than girls - perceived bio make-up affects social environment as a result of actions of others to them - child's social environment might be shaped by adult's decision in the context of gender e.g. toys/ clothes, so they can't play with trains if there are none available - Not all studies supported - Stern and Karraker 1989 meta-analysis - found true characteristics of baby were more influential than gender label - didn't find consistent evidence that supported the previous
****************************End Of Sample*****************************
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Psychology Notes.