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Gender Dysphoria Under Biosocial Approach Notes

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Gender dysphoria under biosocial approach


People feel uncomfortable with the gender they have been assigned, which can lead to transsexualism Baby is identified on the basis of genitals and chromosomes - children then develop a gender identity that provide expectations of gender roles - but sometimes individuals do not feel they have been assigned the right gender

Biological explanation:


Influence of prenatal hormones Caused by unusual development in parts of brain before birth - in people experiencing gender dysphoria, these areas developed in a way that corresponds to opposite sex of biological sex characteristics Hormones may cause parts of the brain to develop in an inconsistent way to the genitalia and chromosomes - brain does not correspond to gender assigned to child - XY females and XX males Mismatch between gender identity and assigned gender is not usually recognised by children or other people Recognise discomfort during adolescence and adulthood when unease grows stronger - some may not acknowledge feelings or deny them Research o Kruikier et al 2000 found that male and female transsexuals have a number of somatostatin neurones that corresponds to their gender of choice, not their biological sex - points to a neurological basis of gender dysphoria Evaluation o Supporting evidence o Some studies have shown no evidence of atypical biological influence - Rekers et al 1979 found no evidence for prenatal hormone treatment of mothers of boys, nor history of hormonal intolerance - supports gender dysphoria being caused by family factors o Nature

Family constellations:

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