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Institutional Aggression Notes

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Institutional aggression Institutions:

Groups of people held together by a common factor May be distinct entities e.g. schools, prisons May be distinct groups e.g. police, army May be less distinct groups e.g. terrorist groups

Institutional aggression:

Violent behaviour exists within these institutions Aggression may be a defining feature of the group Aggression may be rife within the group but readily accepted by its members

Theories for prison aggression:

Dispositional/ individualistic causes Suggests behaviour is due to a few bad people and not due to the situation Therefore any aggression in prisons is due to the personalities of the individual inmates rather than the situation they have been in e.g. Abu Ghraib prison was not systematic abuse but in fact due to rogue soldiers

Importation model - Irwin and Cressey 1962:

Classified prisoners into three subcultures through their values, attitudes and experiences - import aggression in with them Criminal subculture o Follows norms associated with being a criminal o Values such as not betraying each other or being trustworthy among other criminals are important - less likely to be aggressive Convict subculture o Raised in prison subculture o Look for positions of power or influence within the system o Most likely to turn to aggression o Influenced by deprivation prior to being imprisoned and bring values of that subculture inside with them

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