Learning Theories Of Addiction Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Learning Theories Of Addiction notes, which we sell as part of the Psychology Notes collection, a B package written at York College in 2015 that contains (approximately) 157 pages of notes across 48 different documents.
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Learning theories of addiction Classical conditioning:
Unconditioned stimulus = unconditioned response
Unconditioned stimulus + conditioned stimulus = unconditioned response
Conditioned stimulus = conditioned response
Initiation if conditioned stimulus was an addictive behaviour o Alcohol = relaxed o Alcohol + smoking = relaxed o Smoking = relaxed
Maintenance o Crack cocaine = intense high o Crack cocaine + crack den/ friends = intense high o Crack den/ friends = intense high
Relapse if conditioned stimulus acts as a cue o Gambling = excited o Gambling + bright lights = excited o Bright lights = excited
Doesn't explain effects of addiction
Positive reinforcement - pleasurable consequence of behaviour - social approval - compliments Negative reinforcement - behave to avoid unwanted situation - maintenance - withdrawal symptoms means you carry on with addictive behaviour - don't want to lose money
Social learning theory:
Learn through observation and imitate role models, then repeat their behaviour - lead to internalisation of behaviour Explains initiation Do behaviour because they have to, not because they are copying May not be consciously aware that they are copying behaviour Mediating cognitive factors influence who and if we will imitate a person - attractiveness, power, etc.
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