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Learning Theories Of Addiction Notes

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Learning theories of addiction Classical conditioning:
Unconditioned stimulus = unconditioned response
 Unconditioned stimulus + conditioned stimulus = unconditioned response
 Conditioned stimulus = conditioned response
 Initiation if conditioned stimulus was an addictive behaviour o Alcohol = relaxed o Alcohol + smoking = relaxed o Smoking = relaxed
 Maintenance o Crack cocaine = intense high o Crack cocaine + crack den/ friends = intense high o Crack den/ friends = intense high
 Relapse if conditioned stimulus acts as a cue o Gambling = excited o Gambling + bright lights = excited o Bright lights = excited
 Doesn't explain effects of addiction

Operant conditioning:

Positive reinforcement - pleasurable consequence of behaviour - social approval - compliments Negative reinforcement - behave to avoid unwanted situation - maintenance - withdrawal symptoms means you carry on with addictive behaviour - don't want to lose money

Social learning theory:




Learn through observation and imitate role models, then repeat their behaviour - lead to internalisation of behaviour Explains initiation Do behaviour because they have to, not because they are copying May not be consciously aware that they are copying behaviour Mediating cognitive factors influence who and if we will imitate a person - attractiveness, power, etc.

Case studies:

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