Social Psychological Explanations For Aggression Notes
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Social psychological explanations for aggression
Aggression is "an act carried out with the intention to harm another person" Instrumental aggression - a means to an end - hitting someone to steal Hostile aggression - an end in itself - hitting someone
Social learning theory:
Bandura and Walters 1963 - operant conditioning o Observation - learning through watching an aggressive role model o Imitate aggressive behaviour o Vicarious reinforcement and punishment - determines whether a person wants to engage in behaviour - someone else gets pleasure but you still learn o Does not ignore biological factors AO2 o Less deterministic because there are factors which influence whether you imitate aggressive behaviour o Less likely to imitate if we observe punishment for aggression o Remove aggressive role models through imprisonment and media restrictions e.g. DVD ratings, which would reduce aggression o If aggressive and get pleasure, that would encourage you to carry on
Predicting consistent behaviour:
If child is rewarded e.g. if a bullying episode is successful and consistently so o Does being aggressive get you what you want?
o E.g. boxers o Want children to have low self-efficacy in terms of aggression Success and reward will increase child's self-efficacy and develop their confidence o Repeat behaviours in the future o Belief in our ability to do something and our belief for it to be successful o Reduce self-efficacy of people in prison due to them being aggressive - get person to change attitudes
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