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Congress Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Congress notes, which we sell as part of the U.S. Politics Notes collection, a A package written at York College in 2015 that contains (approximately) 73 pages of notes across 33 different documents.

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Congress Revision

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Federalists saw dangerous tendencies in the power of legislatures in the confederacy Powers of Congress are clearly listed - enumerated powers, Article 1, Section 8, and Amendment 10

Article 1:

Vague - allowed expansion of Congress Power to provide for general welfare o Gives rise to social programmes Interstate commerce clause - expansion of federal regulation - basis of Roosevelt's legislation Civil Rights Act Necessary and proper clause - expansion of powers (elastic clause) Supremacy clause - congressional law superior to state law where Congress has jurisdiction


Regarded as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world Separation of powers means it is not controlled by the executive Many laws are initiated by the legislature - Article 1 McCain-Feingold Act (BCRA) 2002 - attempted to limit campaign spending - in 2010 SC said it was unconstitutional due to freedoms President has limited formal powers o State of the Union o Veto o President relies on the power of persuasion and Congress is the most important - Neustadt o Congress can reject and heavily amend legislation proposed by President even in united government - e.g. Democrats and DINOs o Congress confirms appointments e.g. federal judges are cabinet, and has power of oversight of executive departments o Congress controls budget and allocation of finances o Congress can reject and amend President's budget

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