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Congress Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Congress notes, which we sell as part of the U.S. Politics Notes collection, a A package written at York College in 2015 that contains (approximately) 73 pages of notes across 33 different documents.

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Congress Revision

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Congress

Establishment:

Federalists saw dangerous tendencies in the power of legislatures in the confederacy Powers of Congress are clearly listed - enumerated powers, Article 1, Section 8, and Amendment 10

Article 1:





Vague - allowed expansion of Congress Power to provide for general welfare o Gives rise to social programmes Interstate commerce clause - expansion of federal regulation - basis of Roosevelt's legislation Civil Rights Act Necessary and proper clause - expansion of powers (elastic clause) Supremacy clause - congressional law superior to state law where Congress has jurisdiction

Power:




Regarded as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world Separation of powers means it is not controlled by the executive Many laws are initiated by the legislature - Article 1 McCain-Feingold Act (BCRA) 2002 - attempted to limit campaign spending - in 2010 SC said it was unconstitutional due to freedoms President has limited formal powers o State of the Union o Veto o President relies on the power of persuasion and Congress is the most important - Neustadt o Congress can reject and heavily amend legislation proposed by President even in united government - e.g. Democrats and DINOs o Congress confirms appointments e.g. federal judges are cabinet, and has power of oversight of executive departments o Congress controls budget and allocation of finances o Congress can reject and amend President's budget

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