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David Broder Notes

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David Broder - 'The Party's Over' in 1972 The ideas:

Failure of two parties in US system to fulfil their functions Decline in traditional roles o Selecting candidates o Fundraising o Communicating with public o Developing coherent policy packages and implementing them Some say parties have recently gained greater degree of partisanship, leadership and coordination - parties are in renewal

Party decline:

Primaries o Increasing number since 1960s o Increasing bitterness of primaries and rise of personality o Clinton v Obama in 2008 - Obama was outsider o Parties lost ability to control direction of party o Tea Party infiltration in 2010 o Defeat of Cantor by Brat in 2014 - House Majority Leader - Tea Party o Challenge to Blue Dogs by liberal activists - banking crisis - defeat of Jason Altmire and Tim Holden - opposed healthcare law and climate change legislation Limits on party fundraising and expenditure introduced by campaign finance laws in 1970s o Candidates have secured funding independent of parties o Bipartisanship Campaign Reform Act's ban on soft money - unregulated donations to and spending by political parties for 'party building activists' o Anything that educates people about issues o FEC v Citizens Unite ended campaign finance limits Special interests o Replaced parties in terms of communicating with public, mobilising voters and developing policy o Rise of super PACs - way of funding candidate - pressure groups o 80% of Romney's advertising spending was from super PACs e.g. $104m directly by American Crossroads, but he still lost o Attempted to mobilise electorate o Pressure groups are the source of much policy making and direction

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