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Key Principles Of Us Constitution Notes

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Key principles of US constitution Thomas Jefferson's limited government:




Every function has an equal check or balance "That government is best which governs least" Some government functions are crucial o E.g. national security and defence Power is dispersed o Centralised government would lead to tyranny Rights of individuals are protected

Republicanism:




Power is vested in the people Government of the people, by the people, for the people Liberty Indirect democracy favoured by federalists Originally o Only House of Reps was elected
 Election method favoured by anti-federalists o Senate was appointed by state legislators Fear of monarchy, tyranny and tyranny of the majority o Electoral College was created due to fear of mob rule, as well as electing the Senate instead of appointments (amended by 6 year terms and staggered elections so the mob cannot take control of Congress at one time) o Amendment process protects the government from mob rule

Separation of powers:


The accumulation of all power in the same hand "may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny" o Monarchy has no separation Division of powers into executive, legislature and judiciary Full separation of personnel o No individual can be in more than one branch at any one time, which protects against tyranny - Obama resigned from Senate o Each function is administered by a separate institution and different individuals o Obama and cabinet are not in Congress

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