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Horace Running Vocab Notes

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HoraceRunningVocab Horace3.1 profanus volgus arceo faveo
à+linguis Musarumsacerdos

regum grex,gregis 'imperiumest' Iovis triumphus supercilium

ordino arbustum sulcus estut
[unus]virordinet arbustasulcislatiusviro petitor generosus

sortior insignis capax moveo

destringo cui elaboro sapor

lenissomnus fastidio Tempe

desidero
àdesidentem

Notsacred,common,unholy mass,crowd,multitude keepoff,holdatadistance befavourable,bewelldisposed tospeakgoodwords,makefavourableutterance,stay silent(religiousformula) 'asapriestoftheMuses'

gen.pl.ofrex,regis flock,herd takewithbothsentences genitive triumph(abl.withclari) eyebrow

order,arrange,regulate,adjust plantation,orchard(forgrowingvineson) furrow itistruethat viro=abl.ofcomparison latius=comparative'overawiderarea'(notfurther apart) candidate,applicant well-born,ofnoblebirth

castlots,drawlots,appoint,allot,pickout distinguished,prominent spacious,wide,large,roomy
->shake

unsheathe,draw themanoverwhose…
labour,endeavour,takepainswith,contrive,acquire forhim taste,flavour,savour

subj-'gentlesleep' shrink,feeldisgust,loathe generalisedforanybeautifulvalley

want,desire amanwhodesires(acc.withsollicitat),himwho desires

cadens orior haedus

grando fundus culpo torreo

contracta:contraho moles caementum frequens redemptor famulus fastidiosus

scando aerates eques atraCura decedo

quodsi dolentem Phrygius lapis usus ususpurpurarumclarior sidere

vitis costus

invidendus molior ritus postes sublimis permute operosus

setting rise,lift younggoat,kid

hail,hailstorm farm blame,disapprove,condemn,findfaultwith dryup,parch,roast

drawtogether,collect,assemble pier,mole unhewnstone,quarry-stone crowded,busy,frequently contractor,undertaker slave disdainful,scornful+gen.terrae

rise,climb,mount,clamber bronzen horseman subj='blackCare' depart,withdraw,leave

soif himwhogrieves(accusativeparticiple) Phrygian ston wearing,using clarioragreeswithusus-transferredepithet vine,grape-vine Orientalaromaticplant,balsam,perfume

enviable struggle,toil style,manner door-posts lofty,high(withatrium) changecompletely laborious,whichbringlabour

Horace3.2

angustus amice militia

restrictrive,narrow adv:withgoodcheer abl.withrobustus

robustus condisco vexo

subdivo matron adultus

suspiro sponsus rudis agmen
à'rudisagminum' lacesso cruentus

decorus mors fugax iuventa imbellus poplitibus

nescius repulsa sordidus fulgeo intaminatus arbitrium securis popularis aura

recludo
+dative'immeritis'+mori immeritus mori nego via tempto coetus(4thdeclension:acc.pl) vulgaris udus

tutamerces-est-fidelisilentio merces tutus fidelis

tough,sturdy,toughened learn harry

intheopenair wife grown-up,mature

sigh fiancé
rough,untrained army,warfare newtotheranks provoke,challenge bloody

glorious death fleeing,fugitive(takewithet) theyouth unwarlike(imbellis-gen) hamstringsatbackofknees(exposed inafleeingman)

unknowing,ignorant,unaware rejection,refusal disgraceful,despicable,low,base,vile gleam,shine,beillustrious unsullied,undefiled judgement,opinion,authority,power axe(acc.pl) ofthepeople,popular breeze,favour"thepopularbreeze"

unclose,open,disclose,reveal
+forthosewhoareXtoY undeserved,guiltless,innocent todie refuse'deniedtoothers' onaroad-abl. venture,try coming,uniting,crowd common,vulgar,general wet,damp,moist

price,reward,wages safe,secure faithful

silentium veto+subj. vulgo vulgarit arcanus veto

phaselus solvo Diespiter incestus antecedo claudus desero raro

Horace3.3 propositum 'tenaxpropositi'

silence

makecommon,publish,letallsharein, divulge futureperfectsubjunctive secret,trusty,hidden notallow,forbid,prohibit

bean,lightvessel,boat freeashipfromlandi.e.setsail,leave land Jupiter pollutedbysacrilege gobefore,takethelead,precede limping,lame letgoof,caanotkeepupwith,abandon rarely

plan,intention,resolution 'whoholdstowhathehasdecided' firmofpurpose ardor(m) burning,flame,passion pravus crooked,distorted,misshapen, deformed(n.pl.) ardor-civiumiubentiumprava-nonquatit-iustumvirum vultus expression,face,frown Auster(m) SouthWind instans looming menssolida goeswithquatit'fromhisfirmmind'

turbidus wild,confused,disordered,rebellious Hadria theAdriaticSea fulmino tohurllightening illabor fall,slide,sinkdown,tumble impavidum[eum]

ars notartbutwhole character/quality/virtue igneus fiery,burning,offire enitor struggleupwards,mount,climb, ascend"strivingupwards" bibit presentorperfect

mereo deserve,merit,beworthy vexere

3.pl.perfect hac forthis(?),bysucharts[arte]

consilior consult,takecounsel elocuta…Iunone 'afterJunohadspoken' gratum somethingpleasant Iunoneelocuta-gratum-consiliantibusdivis peregrinus foreign,alien Ilion accusativeof'Troy'[te]
fatalis ordainedbydestiny,decreed,destined, bringingdoom incestus polluted,sinful

pulvis dust pactum agreement,contract destituo forsake,abandon,takeaway,defraud (+acc+abl)'leaveinthelurch' Laomedon-destituit-deos-pactamercede ablabs?'whenarewardhadbeenagreed'(concessive) exquo fromthetimewhen
[Ilion]damnatum[est]-mihi&castaeMinerva(dativeagents) damno condemn,doom,sentence fraudulentus cheating,deceitful,lying

famosus celebrated,renowned,notorious Lacaenus Spartan hospes guest,visitor periurus oath-breaking pugnax combative,warlike,martial refringo breakup,breakopen,check,weaken, destroy,breakback,holdback periuradomusPriami-nonrefringit-pugnacisAchivos-Hectoreisopibus ops aid,help,support

redono takewithtwoobjectsslightly differently seditio civildiscord,insurrection,quarrel, strife bellum-ductumnostrisseditionibus-resedit resedo settledown,subside(perfect) protinus straightaway,rightnow nepos grandson invisus hated,hateful peperi pario-bore

patior suffer,permit lucidus clear,bright,shining sucus juice adscribo enroll

dum providedthat,aslongas

qualibet exsul regananto bustum

insulto armentum catulus inultus celo fera triumphatus ius,iuris

horrenda secerno rigo

irrepertus
[Romeis]fortiorspernereaurum irrepertum sicmeliussitum

terminus mundo obsto tanget gestio pluvius

bellicosus haclege avitus(fem.gen.sing.) rebus nimium

lugubrius fortunaTroiae-renascens alis,alitis clades caterva itero

whereitpleases,asyouplease exile,wanderer 3plfutureimperativeactive funeralpyre

leap,bound,spring,behaveinsolently towards,revile,abuse,insult,trample on cattle younganimal,puppy,cub unpunished,safe hide wildbeast triumphedover

agreeswithRoma(nominative)'may shebefeared';nomenisobjectofverb extendat divide,separate,part,sever wet,water,irrigate

notfound,undiscovered mayshebestronger…
fortioragreeswithRomawayback 'beingstronger' (itis)betterplacedthatway

boundary(withquicumque) 'totheearth' standbefore,hinder,standinway,be set subjectisstillRoma bedelighted,desire,longfor(+inf) rainy

warlike,martial ontheseterms,onthiscondition ofagrandfather,ancestral
->circumstances,goodfortune qualifiesbothpiiandfidentes

ofmourning,sorrowing,doleful thefortuneofTroy bird,omen destruction crowd,troop,band doasecondtime,repeat

ploro

iocosus convenio pervicax tenuo

Horace3.4 tibia regina…Calliope fides

an amoenus subeo

fabulosus palumbes(=subj) fatigumque palumbes-texere-me-frondenova

tego nidum quicumque humilis

animosus nonsinedis

arduus tollo vester Sabinos supinus Praeneste,Tibur,Baiae liquidus

acies aciesversaretro-non-[exstinxit]-me amicum-vestrisfontibusetchoris Philippis amicus devotus arbos

utcumque

weep

merry accord,agreewith,fitsuit determined,stubborn,obstinate makethin,dilute,demean

pipe,flute(abl) vocative lyre

or pleasant,delightful,charming comeupto,approach

fulloffables,fabled,toldaboutinlegend doves the-quedoesn'treallygodirectlywith fatigum-it'sludo+somno texere:tego

cover nest mascplnominative(antecedentis omnibus) low-lying

spirited

"notwithoutdivineprotection"

steep lift,raise 'asyourdevotee''underyourprotection'
[agros]
reclining,sloping allnominative cloudless

battle-line 'battlelinebeatenback' atPhillipi welcomeat accursed oldformofarbor

whenever

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