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Agamemnon Vocab Notes

Classics Notes > Vocabulary for Tragedy Texts Notes

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Agamemnon vocab Watchman (1)
aiteo
apallagi
eteios
phroura
agkathen
koimao
dikin (+gen)
omiguris
dunastis
emprepo
anatoli
ton
phthinao
sumbolon
baksis
androboulon
eute
nuktiplagktos
endrosos
elpizon
episkopeo
oneirois
bebaios
minuromai
antimolpos
akos
entemno
diaponeomai
klaio stenon
ophnaios
xaire
lamptir
imerisios
piphausko
katastasis
xoros
xarin
toros
epanatello
ololugmos
eporthiazo
os taxos

ask, beg deliverance, release, relief from yearly, annual look-out, watch, guard with bent arm, resting on the elbows sleep, lie in bed, keep watch at night like assembly, meeting, company leading man, chief, potentate be conspicuous in rising of them set (3pl) sign, token saying, report that plans like a man when causing to wander by night, restless, uneasy bedewed, dewy expectant watch over dative of agent with episkopeo
firm, steady warble, hum a tune sounding instead, substitute, to charm away cure, remedy lit: incise (i.e. make incision into a plan to extract herbal remedy); here: apply be managed, governed take together dark, murky, in the darkness (gen abs) welcome one who lights up, lighter as of the day, bright as day make manifest, declare, tell of, show forth, speak settlement, establishment choral performance in response to, as thanks to clear, distinct, plain lift, rise loud cry set upright, lift up as soon as possible

simaino
euphimon
domois
eiper
polis Iliou
phruktos
prepo
phroimion
thisomai

(+acc) epanteilasan [autin ](+inf) eporthiazein
auspicious, good-omened for the benefit of the house since Troy beacon be clearly seen opening, introduction, prelude I shall make my move in accordance with ta
despoton, I shall take advantage of
eu pesonta
dice metaphor "happy fall"
phruktoria
making signals by beacons
triks eks
triple six
bastazo
lift, touch
d'oun
well at any rate
ekon
deliberately
lithomai
I am forgetful Chorus, parados (40)
antidikos
opponent, prosecutor
oxuros
firm, stout
zeugos
pair
oxuron zeugos
the strong pair formed of the Atreidae, the mighty
Atreidan
pair of Atreus' sons
xilionautis
with a thousand ships
stratiotis
martial
arogi
aid, succour. Legal: support in a lawsuit
airo
put to sea, get under sail, set out
megala
adverbial neuter plural
aigupios
vulture
ekpatios
out of the common path, excessive
tropon (+gen) in the manner of
upatos
highest, uppermost (odd use of genitive here)
strophodineomai wheel eddying round
eresso
row, ply
pteruks
wing
eretmos
rowing
demniotiris
bed-watching (here: accusative)
ortalixos
chick, young bird
olesantes
ollumi "having lost"
oionothroos
the cry of birds
oksuboas
shrill-screaming
usteropoinos
late-avenging
aio
hear, perceive
parabantes
transgressors
poluanor
of many husbands
guiobaris
weighing down the limbs, limb-wearying
o kreisson
the mightier power
gonu
knee

konia
ereido
diaknaio

dust lean; mid: rest, set, be planted in, press into active - scrape to nothing; passive - be lacerated, be shivered
proteleia
preliminary ritual
kamaks
spear shaft
thison
future participle of purpose
to prepomenon
destiny, appointed lot, fate
opii
where
teleitai
they are moving to, it is being fulfilled according to
upokaio
burn by applying fire below, offer secret sacrifices
apoleibo
pour libations
parathelgo
assuage
atenis
strained, stubborn, inexorable
apuron ieron
of unburnt sacrifices (partitive genitive)
atitis
unhonoured OR not involved in vengeance
isopais
like a child, childlike
isxus
strength
nemo
here: guide
nearos
youthful
muelos
marrow
isopresbus
like an old man
sternon
breast, chest
anaisson
leaping up
upergiros
exceeding old, of extreme age
> to upergiron ?extreme old age
phullas
foliage, leafy branch
katakarphomai
wither away
onar
dream
imerophantos
appearing by day
alaino
wander about
areion
better, braver (+gen of comparison) Chorus, parados (83)
ti xreos
what has happened?
thuoskeo
make burnt-offerings
peripemptos
sent round about
peitho
persuasion (peithoi = dative singular) l 86 lit: 'by persuasion of what message do you judge sent-round sacrfices?' ? what message has persuaded you...
astunomos
protecting the city
ouranomikis
high as heaven
pharmasso
treat, enchant, bewitch
xrima
unguent, oil
parigoria
exhortation, persuasion
alli allothen
now here, now there
aniskei
"reach up"

agnos
pelanos
muxothen
leksasa
ainei
paion
teletho
tote men, tote
de
kakophron
thusia
aplistos
elpis - ek thusion
thumophthoros
kurios
throeo
odios
aisios
ektelis
odion kratos
aision
sumphutos
Peitho
molpi
alman molpan
theothen
opos
sumphron
tagi
praktor
thourios
basileusi neon
eksopin
argos
iktar
doripaltos
melathron
pampreptos
boskomai
laginos
erikumon
pherma
genna
blapsante
loisthios
ailinos

pure any thick liquid substance "a thick-flowing offering" here: oil from the inmost part of the house trans as imperative consent (imperative) healer come into being, be at one moment, at another moment ill-minded, malicious, malignant sacrifice insatiate, greedy
as anaphaineis - amunei phrontida apliston
life destroying having authority cry, speak of for the way auspicious perfect, ripe, in their prime lit: the auspicious command on the road ? the commanders who met with auspicious omens on the road born with one accusative song the vigour of song (in apposition to Peitho) by divine favour how of one mind, brotherly line of battle, command, leading one who exacts revenge, avenging rushing, impetuous, furious (=nominative) to the king of ships behind white close to, hard by wielding the spear house all-conspicuous feed, graze of the hare big with young that which is borne, fruit of the womb, offspring offspring, son both hindering last cry of anguish, dirge, song of woe

to eu
the good
kednos
careful, diligent, trusty
stratomantis
prophet to the army
lima
desire, will, purpose
dao
learn "he understood"
lagodaitis
hare-devourer
kednos stratomantis, idon, edai - maximous lagodaitas, pompous
arxas -[einai] - dissous Atreidas, duo limasi.
pompous arxas
escorts of the command
teraizo
interpret portents
keleuthos
feminine ? expedition
agreo
take, seize, capture
ktinos
flocks and herds
dimioplithis
of which the people have large store
biaios
forcible, violent. Pros to biaion = forcibly, violently
lapaksei
"will ravage"
prosthetos
"made over as a creditor"
prosthe ta
this isn't what is printed in the OCT, but is much easier to translate
agi
envy, malice
knephazo
cloud over, obscure i.e. harm
protupto
press forward
> protupen
neuter participle "stricken beforehand" i.e. before they set off for Troy "striking it before it can act"
stomion
bit, curb (for Troy, from the Greek army)
oion
only
stratothen
"once it has been mustered"; "encamped"; "marshaled as an army"
ptinos
flying, winged
epiphthonos
bears a grudge (+dat = against)
thuomai
tear in pieces
mogeros
toiling, distressed, wretched
ptaks
hare, cowering animal
autotokos
young and all
pro loxou
before it could give birth
aetos
eagle
drosos
dew, young of animals, fledgling
aeptos
unhoped for, unexpected
maleros
fierce, raging
a kala
the fair one
toson euphron [esti] a kala - drosois
obrikala
the young, whelp
philomastos
loving the breast
agronomos
roaming the wild
kraino
accomplish, fulfill
sumbolon
counterpart
katamomphos
liable to blame, inauspicious

phasma
apparition, phantom
phasmata [esti] deksia men, katamompha de
exeniis
ship-detaining
xronios
long-continued, delaying
mi teuksei
let her not cause/raise. (subject = Artemis)
tinas antipnous xronias exeniidas aploias = I think these are all agreeing
speudomai
urge, rush towards, be bent on
adaitos
of which none might eat
anomos
unmusical
tekton
worker, fashioner
deisinor
fearing man
sumphutos
inbred, innate
palinortos
recurring, resurgent
dolios
crafty, deceitful, treacherous
oikonomos
one who manages a household, keeper of the house
dolia + phobera + palinortos (3adj) oikonomos - mimnei
teknopoinos
child-avenging
mnamon teknopoinos Minis - all in agreement
apoklazo
shout forth
morsimos
appointed by fate, destined
ksun megalois
with great blessings
agathois
omophon
in unison with Chorus, parados (160)
tode
this name
proseikazo
compare, assimilate
epistathmaomai
weigh well, ponder
etitumos
true
pammaxos
all-fighting (adj), ready for every kind of contest
bruo
swell, teem
oude leksetai, (because) prin on
triaktir
victor
oixomai
be gone
epinikios
of victory (here: victory songs)
prophron
with foresight
tugxano
hit the target (+gen)
phrenon
of sense
odoo
put (acc) on the way to (infinitive)
mathos
learning
thes
having made
kurios exein
to be valid, to hold good
mnisipimon
reminding of misery, remembered-pain
pro kardias
before the heart
[to] sophronein ilthe [pros anthropous] akontas
selma
deck, seat, throne
xaris daimonon imenon - on the selma selma, [esti] biaios pou

imai
psego
empaios
eute
aploia
kenaggis

sit blame, censure bursting in, sudden when impossibility of sailing, detention in port emptying the vessels of the body, breeding famine
baruno
weigh down, oppress, depress
peran
land opposite
palirroxthos
roaring with ebb and flow, backward-roaring
exon
occupying
kakosxolos
unwelcome leisure
nistis
not eating, fasting
dusormos
with bad anchorage
ali
wandering
apheidis
unsparing
peisma
ship's cable
palimmikis
doubly long, twice as long
tribos
worn
kataksaino
wear, waste away
titheisai
"making"
mikar
means, remedy
brithus
heavy
promos
foremost man
propheron
declaring, citing
baktron
stick
epikrouo
strike upon
kir
doom, fate, ruin
miaino
stain, dye, defile, sully
reithron
river, stream
liponaus
deserting the fleet
sphe
= the allies
epithumeo
desire (+gen)
lepadnon
broad leather strap
tropaia
change of heart, veering (wind)
tothen
from that moment
pantotolmos
all-daring, shameless
metagignosko
change one's mind
aisxromitis
fostering base designs, shameful-counselling
parakopi
infatuation, frenzy (this is the noun, the others are adjs)
protopimon
first cause of ill
thutir
sacrifice
gunaikopoinos
woman-avenging
proteleia
preliminary ritual
klidon
omen, appeal, calling on
brabeus
judge, umpire, chief, leader
litas + klidonas patroious + aiona partheneion

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