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Medea Vocab Notes

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Medea vocab Nurse's Prologue
skaphos
diapetomai
kuaneos
Sumpligades
napi
eretmoo
purgos
andano
politon
sumphero
sotiria
dixostateo
eunazomai
aisumnao
deksia
amoibi
kureo
algidon -onos
uphiimi
tiko
epei
petros
noutheteo
akouei philon

i palleukos
in mi pote
deri
apoimozo
upo + gen
upo sumphoras
apoleipomai
oion
euphraino
anexomai
egoda
deimaino
thiktos
estrotai
ina
sumbalon exthran
autii
kallinikon (melos)
aisetai
ek troxon

hull of a ship fly through dark (blue) the Clashers (pligi) glen give oar to tower, citadel please possibly dative attracted into genitive fit in with security stand apart go to bed govern right hand exchange, return, recompense meet with pain send under, submit melt, fuse, weld together, dissolve, waste away ever since stone advise she hears her friends or all-white except that sometimes, unless she ever neck, throat bewail loudly cause/agency from misfortune, taught by misfortune be abandoned what a valuable thing cheer, gladden out up with, endure
ego oida
be afraid sharpened, whetted
stronnumi perfect passive - spread where engaging in enmity with her, clashing in enmity with her the song of fair victory
aeido
having finished their running

pepaumenoi
nea phrontis
a young mind, a child's mind Dialogue of Nurse and Tutor
erimia
solitude, desert, wilderness
ktima
? slave
ago erimian
be alone
threomai
cry aloud, speak with anguish
opidos
attendant
xristos
good, trusty
[to] xristoisi doulois - ta despoton kakos pitnonta - [esti] -
ksumphora
anthaptomai
lay hold of, grapple with, engage in
mesoo
be in middle, peak
metagignosko
change one's mind, repent, be sorry
geneion
beard
pessos
gaming-table
koiranos
king, ruler, commander
kideuma
connection, alliance by marriage
palaia
supply the noun again
[kideumata]
eksantleo
draw out, endure to the end, see out
prosphero
add to
os malista
as much as possible
erimoo
keep in solitude, isolate
tauroomai
become savage as a bull
kataskipto
rush down, fall upon Medea and the Nurse
meleos
unhappy, miserable
tode ekeino
this is just what I feared, this is just what I was saying
pelazo
approach (pelasite = 2pl future)
phulassomai
beware
kineo
? stir up
nephos oimogis
cloud of lament
dilon
it is clear that... (esti...os...)
anapto
light up, kindle, inflame
megalosplagxnos high-spirited
duskatapaustos
hard to check, restless
odurmos
lamentation
erro
be lost, perish, disappear
lima
mind, will, desire, purpose
xalepos
with difficulty
metaballo
here: overcome, control
arxomai
true passive here ? "being ruled"
limata turannon [esti] deina
ethizo
accustom; pass: be accustomed
oxuros
firm, lasting, stout
katagirasko
grow old

goun
esti + inf
epi mi megalois

at any rate it is possible to do X (eii...) in moderate circumstances, in conditions of no greatness or excess
lostos: loion
more desirable, more agreeable
prota men- to onoma ton metrion - nikai - eipeinthe name of what is moderate
eipein
epexegetic after nikai
[deutera] de - xristhai - [esti] losta makroi - brotoisin
xristhai
[ton metrion] supply
ta uperballonta
excessive prosperity/power
dunamai
here: "holds sway"or "is able to create"
oudena kairos
(with) no proper measure
apedoken
subject is still ta uperballonta
Chorus A
ipios
gentle, mild, soothed
amphipulos
double-gated
philia kekratai
a tie of friendship has been blended
lektra
marriage
turannon
? royal
tiko
melt, waste
parathalpo
comfort, cheer
aio
perceive
axa
ixi: sound, noise
melpo
sing
numphi
here: young wife
aplatos
unapproachable, terrible
mataios
foolish
tis - [esti]- eros - tas aplatou koitas
teleumata thanatou (subj) - speusei (verb, n. pl.)
xarasso
make pointed, sharpen, be angry
duromai
lament, bewail
sundikein
tech. term - action of a 3rd party who assists in a court case by delivering supportive speech "will be your advocate"
eunitis
bedfellow, husband
diaknaio
scrape to nothing, grind to destruction
tolmosi
3pl
prosthen
unprovoked (before I've done anything)
kasis
brother
aponaio
remove, send away, depart from
euktaios
invoked in prayer
tamias
dispenser, controller, guardian
nenomistai
= nomizo
ouk estin opos
it is not possible that...; there is no way that...
en tini mikroi
in some small deed
omphi
voice
elthoi
subject = "she" (Medea)

audathenton
just a passive participle of audao
emon prothumon
my eager goodwill
tade
the situation here, out attitude
kakoo
maltreat, distress (aorist optative singular) Nurse
epididomi
give in addition
xaris
favour
dergma
look, glance
tokas
having just given birth, with cubs
leaina
lioness
apotauroomai
be like a bull very very literally: 'she makes herself bull-like with respect to her gaze, so that it is the gaze of a lioness with newborn cubs'
skaios
left, unlucky, unintelligent, misdirected
armartois
verb 2.s. optative
thalia
abundance, good cheer, festivity
eilapini
feast, banquet
eurisko
? invent
umnos
song not sleep!
akoi
hearing, sound
aoidi
song
akeomai
heal, cure
kerdos [esti]
it would have been a gain for...
teino
make tight, make shrill
pliroma
full measure, satiety, fill, abundance
paron
? at hand, being present
polustonos
much-sighing, mournful
aio
perceive
liguros
clear, shrill
mogeros
toiling, wretched, grievous
axos
pain, distress, grief
prodotis
betrayer, traitor
kakonumphos
ill-married, of unhappy wedlock
theokluteo
call on the gods
pathousa
having suffered (adika pathi)
nuxios
nightly, by night, gloomy
ebasen
transitive (nin = Medea)
antiporos
on the opposite coast, over the sea-crossing
almuros
salty, briny
apeiritos
without trial, untried, unattempted
kleis
gateway, closure
Pontos
the Black Sea Medea
semnos
haughty, pompous
apo ommaton
out of the public gaze
aph' isuxou podos by behaving quietly, by lack of visible public activity
thuraios
outside the door, abroad

duskleian
/rathumian
prosxoreo
astos
inesa
aelptos
oixomai
ekbaino
empsuxos
exo gnomin
uperboli
kan toide
agon megistos

hendiadys ? a bad reputation for sloth

be agreeable towards townsman, citizen 1st person (praise) 'dramatic aorist' unhoped for, sudden I am gone, I am undone turn out living thing have an intellectual faculty, be able to think excess and in this act the stakes of the contest are of supreme importance
apallagai - ou eukleeis [eisi] - gunaiksi
apallagi
divorce
anainomai
refuse
suneunetis
bed-fellow, husband
kainos
here: new
sunoikeo
live together
ekponeo
work hard
axthomai
be loaded, be weighed down, be annoyed
asi
nausea, distress, vexation, boredom
marnamai
fight, do battle
[oitines] - legousi os - imas zomen akindunon bion
iko
? apply
logos
here: story
onisis
use, profit, advantage, enjoyment
liizomai
seize as booty, carry off as prey, plunder
methormizo
remove, shift anchorage (epexegetic infinitive)
tosouton
"just this little thing"
boulisomai
force of the future tense - makes request more contingent/gracious
alki
strength
miaiphonos
bloodthirsty, murderous
pentheo
bewail, lament Medea + Creon
skuthropos
angry-looking, sullen, melancholy
mello
delay, hesitate
brabeus
judge, leader, enforcer
kalos
brail, reefing rope to let out all the
? to go full sail ahead rope
ekbasis
way out, escape
euprosoistos
easy of approach, easy
ekiti
by the will of
parampexo
hold round, cover
anikestos
incurable, fatal

deigma
pattern, indication, factor
idris
experienced, knowing, skillful
malthakizomai
be softened, relax, give in
metasteno
lament afterwards Medea
artiphron
sound of mind, sensible, fully conscious
megali kaka
go together: NB position of te
agria
idleness, laziness
xoris
aside from
alphano
bring in, fetch, incur
phthonos
envy, ill-will, grudge
skaios
left, foolish, unlucky, misfortunate
prospheron - kaina sopha - skaioisi - dokseis
axreios
useless
nomistheis
if you are considered superior than (+ gen)
kreisson...
lupros
vexatious, irritating
koinoneo
have a share of
prosantis
uphill, steep, irksome, an obstacle
isuxaios
retiring
thaterou tropou
the opposite
plimmelis
dissonant, unpleasant
treo
flee, fear, be afraid
ouk ode exei moi
I am not in a condition to...
to son kalos
your prosperity
exein
Kreon
orrodia
terror
pepoitha
I trust
siopilos
silent, still, quiet
autos
likewise, in the same way
ararisko
join, fit together, fix
os tauta arare
since the matter is fixed Medea and Creon stichomythia
gonu
knee
mneia
remembrance
parastosin
3pl aorist
opos
in what way
tuxai parastosin fortune attends you, fortune stands by
lithoi
optative of lanthano
apallasso
set free, deliver from
xraomai
lack
antomai
entreat
oxlos
here: trouble
ou iketeusa - sou - tuxein touto
sumperaino
decide absolutely (+phrontida: make up one's mind)

ii by what road, in what manner

aphormi
protimao
xraomai
epion
lelektai
tina pros ksenian
Medea
antero
kakos pepraktai
dokeo
stheno
oi kideusantes
thopeuo
kerdaino
texnaomai
elein
ekbalonti
thiktos
prosantis
euthus eutheia
tin eutheian
kratista [esti]
asulos
exegguos
ruomai
meteimi
eimi
amixanos
sumphora
to kateron
tolmis
ma tin despoinan
aireomai
kidos
pheidomai
eia
ephistimi
eupsuxia
erp'es to deinon
ophliskano
amixanos
tekton
Chorus B
ano

starting-point, place of safety, resources honour, care for, take heed of here: experience coming, following, succeeding, of tomorrow
lego
to what guest-friendship speak against, deny the situation is bad here: assume, imagine have strength those who formed by marriage, makers of the match flatter, fawn on, cajole gain, derive profit contrive here: seize, capture, overcome, check, disarm active - agrees with Creon sharpened, whetted uphill, steep, irksome, hostile straight, direct adverbial: along the straight path, by direct means it is best safe from violence, inviolate, a refuge trust-worthy, secure save, rescue proceed, go about, pursue (+ tonde phonon) I'll go forth to resourceless fortune the forceful part of daring by my mistress choose marriage connection spare, refrain, be thrifty, draw back come on!
set upon, set over, have authority over (middle) or if it's epistamai- know good courage into the fray! Go now to the edge!
owe, be liable to pay a fine, incur, deserve, bring x on oneself without means, unable to do carpenter, craftsman, maker, worker backwards

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