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Jonathan Swift And Satire Notes And Questions

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PAPER

5

-

SWFIT

AND

SATIRE


Satire

derives

life

from

its

proximity

to

scurrility,


and

attempts

to

render

it

polite

(on

the

part

of


either

critics

or

satirists

themselves)

succeed

only


in

killing

it.'

Discuss.


SATIRE


'By

this

Handle

it

is,

that

an

Author

should

seize


upon

his

Readers;

which

as

soon

as

he

hath

once


compast,

all

Resistance

and

struggling

are

in

vain'


SWIFT

+

READER


O

thou!

Whatever

title

please

thine

ear

Dean,


Drapier,

Bickerstaff,

or

Gulliver!

(POPE)


SWIFT

+

PERSONA


You

grow

correct

that

once

with

rapture

writ,

And


are,

beside,

too

moral

for

a

wit

(POPE).


WIT

+

MORALITY


'So

odd,

my

country's

ruin

makes

me

grave'


SWIFT

+

IRELAND


'And

this

execrable

Crew

of

Butchers

employed

in


so

pious

art

Expedition,

is

a

modern

Colony

sent


to

convert

and

civilize

an

idolatrous

and


barbarous

People'


SWIFT

+

COLONIALISATION


'Jonathan

Swift

made

a

soul

for

the

gentlemen

of


this

city

[Dublin]

by

hating

his

neighbour

as


himself'.

(EATS,

Mythologies).


SWIFT

+

IRELAND+HATRED


'Swift

is

not

interested

in

daring

flights

of

fancy

on


which

new

meanings

maybe

discovered.

He


distrusts

every

ambiguous

cloud

of

significance.'


(DENIS

DONOGHUE)


SWIFT+DISTRUST


"The

travel

narratives

of

the

period

(factual

and


fictive)

did

not

so

much

broaden

the

mind

as


confirm

a

master

narrative

of

English

cultural


supremacy.'


SWIFT

+

TRAVEL


Remove

me

from

this

land

of

slaves

Where

all

are


fools,

and

all

are

knaves.

(SWIFT)


SWIFT+IRELAND


'I

have

been

only

a

man

of

Rhimes,

and

that

upon


Trifles,

never

having

written

serious

Couplets

in


my

life;

yet

never

any

without

moral

View'


SWIFT

THE

POET

'Some

of

the

liveliest

and

most

entertaining


writing

of

the

period

was

ephemeral

--

the


periodical

essay,

the

lampoon,

the

news

sheet,

etc


--

and

thus

poses

a

challenge

to

modem

readers.'


Have

you

found

ways

of

taking

up

this

challenge


SWIFT'S

PAMPHLETS

+

SATIRE

+

MODERN


READERS

"These

two

Evils,

Ignorance

and

Want

of

Taste,


have

produced

a

Third;

I

mean

the

continual


Corruption

of

our

English

Tongue,

which

without


some

timely

Remedy,

will

suffer

more

by

the

false


Refinements

of

Twenty

Years

past,

than

it

hath


been

improved

in

the

foregoing

Hundred'


SWIFT

+

LANGUAGE


"When

a

satirist

has

to

deal

with

intolerance

so


extreme

as

to

be

hardly

credible,

the

simplest

way


to

expose

it

is

to

let

it

speak

with

its

own

voice'


(James

Sutherland).

Is

this

comment

borne

out

by


writings

in

this

period?.


SATIRE

AS

PRODUCT

OF

THE

PERIOD


'It

indeed

touches

the

Author

in

a

very

tender


Point,

who

insists

upon

it,

that

through

the

whole


Book

he

has

not

borrowed

one

single

Hint

from


any

Writer

in

the

World;

and

he

thought

of

all


Criticisms,

that

would

never

have

been

one.

He


conceived

it

was

never

disputed

to

be

an

Original,


whatever

Faults

it

might

have'


SWIFT+ORIGINALITY

v

PLAGIARISM


'I

have

continued

ever

since

in

the

greatest


privacy,

and

utter

ignorance

of

the

events

which


are

most

commonly

talked

of

in

the

world;

I


neither

know

the

Names

nor

Number

of

the


Family

which

now

reigns,

further

than

the

Prayer--
book

informs

me.

I

cannot

tell

who

is

Chancellor,


who

are

Secretaries,

nor

with

what

nation

we

are


in

peace

or

war..

.(SWIFT

TO

POPE1721)


SWIFT

+

IRISH

POLTICIAL

ENGAGMENT


On

sense

and

Wit

your

Fassion

found,


By

Decency

cemented

round;


Let

Prudence

with

Good

Nature

strive,


To

keep

Esteem

and

Love

alive


(Swift,

'Strephon

and

Chloe')


SWFT'S

POSITIVE

POETRY


My

invention

&

judgement

are

perpetually

at


fistycuffs,

till

they

have

quite

disabled

each

other'


(SWIFT).


SWIFT

-

CREAVITIY

v

JUDGEMENT

JONATHAN

SWIFT

-

LIFE

AND

TIMES

1667 --

Swift

born

on

November

30

in

Dublin,

Ireland;

the

son

of

Anglo--Irish

1688 --

William

of

Orange

invades

England,

initiating

the

Glorious

Revolution

in

England.

Dublin

in


political

turmoil

--

Swift

goes

to

England.

1689 --

Swift

becomes

secretary

to

Sir

William

Temple

Moor

Park,

Surrey.

Meets

Esther

Johnson


("Stella.")

Begins

to

suffer

from

Meniere's

Disease,

1694

--

Swift

leaves

Temple's

household

+

returns

to

Ireland

to

take

holy

orders.

1695 --

Ordained

as

a

priest

in

the

Church

of

Ireland

--

Irish

branch

of

the

Anglican

Church.

1696 --

Swift

returns

to

Moor

Park

+

writes

A

Tale

of

a

Tub.

1699 --

Temple

dies.

Swift

travels

to

Ireland

as

chaplain/secretary

to

the

Earl

of

Berkeley.

1700 --

Made

Vicar

of

Laracor

+

presented

to

the

Prebend

of

Dunlavin

St.

Patrick's

1701 -

Awarded

D.

D.

from

Dublin

Uni

+publishes

his

1s

pamphlet,

supporting

W's

over

T's

1704 --

A

Tale

of

a

Tub,

Battle

of

the

Books,

The

Mechanical

Operation

of

the

Spirit.

(anon)

1707 --

Swift

in

London

as

emissary

of

Irish

clergy

seeking

remission

of

tax

on

Irish

clerical

incomes.


Requests

rejected

by

the

W

gov.

Meets

Esther

Vanhomrigh,

(Vanessa)

1708 --

Meets

Addison

&Steele.

Bickerstaff

Papers

+Argument

Against

Abolishing

Christianity.

1710 --

Returns

to

Eng.

"A

Description

of

a

City

Shower."

Falls

out

with

Whigs

=

editor

of

the

Tory


newspaper

The

Examiner.

1710 --

Writes

the

series

of

letters

which

will

be

published

as

The

Journal

to

Stella.

1713 --

Swift

installed

as

Dean

of

St.

Patrick's

Cathedral

in

Dublin.

1714 --

Scriblerus

Club

founded.

Anne

dies,

George

I

King.

Tories

fall

from

power.

Returns

to

Ireland

"to


die,"

as

he

says,

"like

a

poisoned

rat

in

a

hole."

1718 --

Publish

tracts

on

Irish

problems.

1724 --

Publication

of

The

Drapier

Letters,

1726 --

Visit

to

England

--

Pope

at

Twickenham;

publication

of

Gulliver's

Travels.

1727 --

Swift's

Last

trip

to

England.

1728 --

Death

of

Stella.

1729 --

A

Modest

Proposal.

1731 -

A

Beautiful

Young

Nymph

Going

to

Bed

1735 --

Collected

edition

of

Swift's

Works

published

in

Dublin;

1745

--

Swift

dies

on

October

19.

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