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Religion In Bunyan & Winstanley Notes

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PAPER

5

-

RELIGION

IN

BUNYAN

&

WINSTANLEY


GERRARD

WINSTANLEY

(1609

-

1676)

1648 -52:

writes

20

+

pamphlets

/

letters

/

broadsheets

trying

to

estephesablish

new

commonwealth

on


earth


1649:

The

New

Law

of

Righteousness


1649:

The

True

Levellers

Standard

Advanced

-

"In

the

beginning

of

Time,

the

great

Creator

Reason,


made

the

Earth

to

be

a

Common

Treasury,

to

preserve,

Beasts,

Birds,

Fishes,

and

Man

...

not

one

word

was


spoken

in

the

beginning,

That

one

branch

of

mankind

should

rule

over

another"


1650:

Fire

in

the

Bush

-

"as

yet

the

power

and

dominion

of

the

Prince

of

Darknesse

rules

everywhere"

and


"the

Dragon

is

not

yet

cast

out"


1652:

The

Law

of

Freedom

in

a

Platform


Sees

righteous

action

on

the

land

=

essential

to

revolution

i.e

advancing

Kingdom

on

Christ

on

earth

AND


within

individuals

-


"Freedom

is

the

man

that

will

turn

the

world

upside

down"


Leader

+

Will

Everard

of

Diggers

-

poor

laborers

who

dig

on

St

George's

Hill

in

Surrey

1st

April

1649


Established

10

communities

in

1649--50

to

eradicate

tyranny

of

private

landowners


Distinguished

from

The

Levellers

as

TRUE

LEVELLERS

whose

political

programme

never

inc


redistribution

of

property


WS

was

"Declaring

Freedom

to

the

Creation"

and

of

uprooting

"Tythes...Lawyers....Fees....Prisons


and

all

that

Art

and

Trade

of

Darkness"

and

to

make

"The

Earth

a

common

Treasury"

(1st

seen

in


NWR)


The

New

Law

of

Righteousness

1649


Associates

new

Law

with

"inward

testimony"

and

experience

of

Living

Spirit

(see

Milton,

resembles


georgic

radicalism

+

spiritual

inwardness

of

P.Rg).

Compares

inward

authority

with

sneaky

public


preachers

'formal

learning'

is

despised

as

false

'hirelings'


Recalls

weak

+

enslaved

past

as

:


"a

blind

Professour

and

a

strict

goer

to

Church,

as

they

call

it,

and

a

hearer

of

Sermons,

and

never


questioned

what

they

spake,

but

believed

as

the

learned

Clergy

(the

Church)

believed";


And

how

now

he

speaks

and

writes

only

"from

an

inward

light

and

power

of

life

within"


Richly

metaphorical

draws

on

vivid

tropes

from

natural

world

+

scripture

--reworked

allegorically

to


convey

urgent

sense

of

social

/

spiritual

conflicts


The

Law

of

Freedom

in

a

Platform

-

1652


Feared

that

even

after

CW's

Pride's

Purge

and

the

Repub.

Revolution


"Kingly

power

exists

in

power

still

in

the

hands

of

those

who

have

no

right

to

the

Earth

then


ourselves"

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