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'If we consider Sterne's reputation as chiefly founded on Tristram Shandy, he must be regarded as liable to two severe charges; - those, namely, of indecency, and of affectation' (SIR WALTER SCOTT). Discuss the role of either 'indecency' or 'affectation' in Sterne's fiction. "I write careless kind of a civil, nonsensical, good humnoured Shandean book, which will do all your hearts good' (sterne) What do you understand by Shandyism, in Sterne and / other writing of the period?
"Eightennth century authors saw language not simply as an efficient tool for communicating thoughts, but rather as the fabric of thought itself, spun from the deepest urges of the human spirit" (Hudson) 'Let the reader imagine then' (STERNE). How did ANY writer or writers of this period appeal to their readers?
'...we live amongst riddles and mysteries-the most obvious things which come in our way have dark sides, which the quickest sight cannot penetrate into; and even the clearest and most exalted understandings amongst us find ourselves puzzled and at a loss in almost every cranny of nature's works' (STERNE). Write on the representation of EITHER puzzlement OR 'dark sides' in the literature of the period.
5. INDECENCY AND EFFECTION IN STERNE, WHAT IS SHANDYISM?
LANGUAGE AS RELFECTION OF THOUGHT / CONSCIOUSNESS IMAGINATION
'Let us know your mind as soon as you please: as we shall know it to be your mind, we shall judge what attention to give it' (RICHARDSON). Discuss the relationship between knowledge and judgment in Richardson's fiction.
13. 'There was frequently a necessity to be very circumstantial and minute, in order to preserve and maintain that Air of Probability, which is necessary to be maintained in a Story designed to represent real Life' (Samuel Richardson). How successful are Richardson's efforts to maintain an 'Air of Probability' in his fiction?
'I love writing: and those who do, are fond, you know, of occasions to use the pen' (Classira Harlowe) Discuss either the functions of espitles and the espitolary in the viriting of this period. Or the connections between epistles and female consciousness.
1. KNOWLEDGE + JUDGEMENT
2. PROBABILITY / VERSIMILITUDE
3. EPISTALORY FORM / FEMINISM SHELLEY 'The design of the author ... to make her story subordinate to a great moral purpose' (WILLIAM GODWIN). How far is fiction subordinated to moral purpose in Mary Shelley's writing?
Behold, what is woman! . . . The slave of her passions, the dupe of hersenses!' (Schedoni in Ann Radcliffe's The Italian). (a) analyse the portrayal of women in Gothic novels in the light of this comment (b) discuss the use made of psychology in the Gothic novel These compositions only have power to delight, and carry us willing captives, where the soul of the author is exhibited, and animates the hidden springs' (MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT).Examine the function of authorial presence in ANY writing of this period.
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