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11 Intonation Notes

Linguistics Notes > Phonetics and Phonology Notes

This is an extract of our 11 Intonation document, which we sell as part of our Phonetics and Phonology Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge University students.

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Intonation

1 Learning Objective(s)
By the end of the lesson, you will be able to l describe the intonation patterns of the
English language.

2 Prosody l

It is the melody of a language.

3 Prosodic Elements l l l l l

Pause
Tempo (speaking rate)
Stress (at sentence level)
Rhythm
Intonation

4 Functions l l

l l

To show the emotion of the speaker.
To mark the form of the utterance (statement,
question, or command)
To indicate the presence of irony or sarcasm.
To show emphasis, contrast, and focus.

5 Pause l l l

It is a moment of silence.
It adds meaning and emotion to what is said.
It can also help you get attention.

6 Example
// most of the time // we advertise jobs // in national newspapers // and on our website //
occasionally however // we might approach someone // to see if they're interested //
someone we might really want //

7

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