This is an extract of our 9 Stress document, which we sell as part of our Phonetics and Phonology Notes collection written by the top tier of Cambridge University students.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Phonetics and Phonology Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
1 Learning Objective(s)
By the end of the lesson, you will be able to l describe the stress pattern of a word.
2 Segment l
It is a unit of sound that can be identified in a speech stream.
3 Suprasegmental l
It extends over more than one segment, such as rhythm, stress, and intonation.
4 Stress l
It is the emphasis given to a syllable in a word.
5 Features of Stressed Syllables l l l l l
Increase in loudness
Higher pitch (higher frequency)
Increase in tempo (longer)
Stronger rhythmic beat (greater intensity)
Full vowel (i.e. strong form, no reduction)
6 Stress Symbol l
The symbol ( ˈ ) is used to indicate a stressed syllable.
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