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Revision Guide Notes

History Notes > British History, 400-1088AD Notes

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General History I - The Anglo Saxons Revision Guide Coming of the Anglo Saxons
-Sources= Gildas (not a historian, a religious polemicist), Bede (tries to be good too hard and ends up inventing dates and men), grave goods
-Bede suggests they came c450, pottery c400
-Mercenaries theory most plausible
-Britons probably divided and unorganised. Vortigern, Arthur. Roman vestiges
-Grave goods show the militaristic culture, value of swords
-Bede answers this very specifically; "They came from three very powerful Germanic tribes, the Saxons, the Angles and the Jutes".
- Does this show more Anglo Saxons in England? OR an increase in the use of Germanic customs, objects etc.?Coming of Christianity
- marriage of Bertha, a Merovingian princess, to Ethelbert in around 560, which led to the coming of Bishop Luidhard=first conversion evidence
- 596 Ethelbert, Kent, , Augustine and 40 helpers, 10,000 reported conversions in 598. Bretwalda influence? Reinforcements 601
- Aidan sent to Numb on Oswald's command, Lindisfarne
- Oswald and Oswy's influence can be seen in the conversion of several kings, and therefore kingdoms; Wessex (c625), Essex (c653) and Middle Anglia
- Redwald, who converted to Christianity in order to improve relations between himself and Ethelbert. Therefore political power reason to convert
- Politial exile was a powerful factor in the conversion of royals- Oswald and oswy grew up in Dalriada
- allowing them to control the people
- Pope Gregory :Christianity made a king's 'glorious name still more glorious even to posterity'
- emphasised that God's followers on earth would gain wealth and victory
- miracles and rewards from God for being Christian
- sea links with Gaul and the Med
- fragile- Ethelbert's death in 616, combined with the paganism of his sons, almost caused the failure of the Christian mission
- Earconberht, king of Kent, banned the worship of idols on a date in the period 640-64
- Sees were established at Canterbury, Rochester and London (604)
- Irish Bishop Dagan who was in East Anglia from 610-620AD
- to discuss the idiocies and contradictions of Paganism to insert doubt
- religion brought writing, law code

Anglo Saxon Poetry

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