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GIII Revision Notes.
Popular Revolt. Case studies:
- P Blickle focuses on Norway.Until 1550, mainly in SE Norway. E.g. rural Oslo Fjord.Early 1520s: Western Norway at centre of conflict.In Denmark, 1520s and 30s = similarly troubled.First half 1500s - polit struggles in Orkneys mobilised people.N'lands:5 April 1566: 300 nobles marched through streets of Brussels. Offered 'Petition' to governess Margaret of Parma - afraid of Inquisition encroaching.'General crisis of the C17th':
- 1500s had seen price rises and inflation, started to slow down beginning of C17th.Crises inc'd Eng Rev, Fronde in France, anti-Habsburg revolts in Catalonia, Naples, Sicily, Bohemia, Khmelnitsky revolt in Ukraine, celali revolts in Ottoman Empire, collapse of Ming rule in China.
- Goldstone on Eng and French Revs: "brought on by purely polit conflicts and exacerbated by chance conjunctions of unfortunate circumstances"
- L Stone also blamed the Eng Rev on weaknesses of the Stuarts.
1. What caused rebellions in this period?
- Built in feature of society."Resistance was a normal feature of the relations between subjects and authority" - Peter Blickle.J A Goldstone also talks of "routine tension".Change in general was disruptive.E.g. tension over serfdom major cause in rural areas (Blickle).New forms of taxes.Overseas expansion.Religious change = particularly strong example.E.g. refs appeared in German PW manifestos of 1524-5.E.g. Philip II to the Duchess of Parma, 17 Oct 1565 calls revolts 'the relig probs'.E.g. March 1571 - violence broke out between armed Calvinists and Cath processionE.g. Wars of Relig in France brought French recruits into bands of bandits (J H Elliott).
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