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Monarchy Notes

History Notes > History of the British Isles V: 1685–1830 Notes

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1. Outline: Who were the monarchs?
ANNE (8 March 1702-1 May 1714): GEORGE I (1 Aug 1714-11 June 1727): GEORGE II (11 June 1727 - 25th October 1760): GEORGE III (25 October 1760-29 Jan 1820):
- Went mad Nov 1788.
- Said on one occasion no ruler except a Brit King could be treated so harshly in illness.
- Second half of reign was "royal apotheosis" (Colley).
- However, this did not mean he had more power: more to do with a resurgence of nationalism and its association with the Crown.
- Seen as easier to relate to: described as 'a father and friend' by Robert Huish, funeral, 1821.
- Colley argues that GIII's had echoes of our current monarchy: "that curious blend of assiduous domestic cosiness interspersed with occasional bouts of public splendour". GEORGE IV (29 January 1820 - 26 June 1830):

2. Strengths and weaknesses: How powerful was the monarch?
STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES V Constitutionally free - could declare Money was a problem. war, end Parliament, pardon. E.g. Charles I could not afford Inigo CA: Not really true in practice - see Jones' designed palace to rival Buen today!
Retiro. E.g. could not afford to buy land opp Buckingham palace. Colley credits the increase in money after 1790s partially caused ^ GIII's popularity. Pitt understood necessity. E.g. May 1795 - Prince of Wales debt paid off. E.g. -
PS168,000 renovating Windsor Castle,
PS50,000 Buckingham House,
PS500,000 castle at Kew. Were few threats of overthrow Civil wars had weakened E.g. Jacobitism too local and volatile "Depleted the Crown's material (N Rogers). splendour as well as challenging its CA: There were exceptions, e.g. mystique" (Colley). Shrewsbury 'v bold and given to E.g. palaces at Greenwich,

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