This is an extract of our The Hundred Years War Revision document, which we sell as part of our Medieval History Notes collection written by the top tier of University Of Nottingham students.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Medieval History Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
The Hundred Years War Revision Lecture: Notes:Promoted ideas of English and French nationalismIntroduction of weaponry and tactics that replaced armies dominated by heavy cavalryFirst standing armies in Europe since the Western Roman empireEnglish nobles' dissatisfactions at losing their land on the continent was a major factor leading to the War of the Roses civil wars
Causes of the Hundred Years War:Long term: Anglo-French hostilityShort term: English claim to the French throneTreaty of Paris - 1259o
Henry III agrees to renounce control of Normandy, Maine, Anjou and Poitou (which had been lost by King John anyway). He was allowed to keep Gascony and parts of Aquitaine, but only as a feudal vassal to King Louis IX of France
English Kings had become the feudal vassals of the French Kings and are required to perform homage for their lands in South-Western France
The Parlement of Paris oThe English claim to the French throne oThe sovereign court of France; it claims jurisdiction over Gascon subjects by virtue of the lordship of the Kings of France over Gascony. This undermines the authority of the English Kings in the region; key factor in provoking Anglo-French hostilities
Isabella, daughter of Phillip IV, married Edward II King of England. Therefore Edward III should have been the King of France when Charles IV died, however French Salic law meant that royal succession was only through the male line and Isabella's child had no claim to the throne
England adopted a coat of arms which incorporated the French fleur de lis; the French got pissed off
Aims of the English:Treaty of Bretigny 1360 o
Marked the end of the first phase of the 100 years' war and the height of English hegemony on the continent
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