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Toleration Persecution And The State Notes

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Toleration Persecution And The State Revision

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HISTORY REVISION

Toleration, persecution and the State Notes:
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The views on toleration and persecution are widely focused on the toleration/persecution of other Christian denominations, completely ignoring Judaism and Islam

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Treaty of Augsburg 1555

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Treaty of Westphalia 1648

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The increase in witch hunting after the Reformation

Lecture: The Impact of Religious pluralism:
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Pluralism; more than one religious group

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Could lead to persecution…
o

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Massacres

… Or toleration o

Compromise & coexistence

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A destabilising force?

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Influence on state development?

State development:
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Historians argue for importance of state gaining: o

Monopoly of armed force

o

Monopoly of taxation

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Schilling, Harrington and Smith argue for importance of state's monopoly of religion

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Official state churches emerged like the Church of England o

Tried to control peoples spiritual belief

o

Lots of preaching

o

Use of the printing press

o

Promotion of a similar religious message on a national scale

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If all the people in a country believed in the same religious message, they would be less likely to question the authority of their rulers, whom their God apparently has chosen

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This was the opposite of the localisation of religion seen throughout medieval Europe

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