Fascism Revision Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 4 page long Fascism Revision notes, which we sell as part of the Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes collection, a 2:1 package written at University Of Nottingham in 2013 that contains (approximately) 40 pages of notes across 7 different documents.
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Fascism Revision Revision
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Fascism Lecture: Definitions of Fascism:
Ultra-nationalism; racism; imperialism; decisionism
Single-party; authoritarian; repressive; charismatic, dictatorial leader
Private ownership with strong government control; economic planning; national autarky; corporatism; bio-politics
Autarky - Self-sufficiency
Bio-politics - biologically based concept of nationhood
Fascists themselves claimed they constituted a single movement, or family of movements
Marxists claimed that fascism was the logical final phase of all capitalist regimes before their collapse o
1924 World Congress of the Communist International: Fascism as world enemy
Cultural turn: Distinctive fascist ideology/culture; centrality of nation and modernity
Fascism had common causes and symptoms but its precise meaning depended on specific national conditions
Fascism as a product of the inter-war crisis: o
De-stabilisation of the international order after 1918
De-mobilisation after first mass war remains partial (militarisation of street politics and of political language; stab in the back myth/mutilated victory)
Boom and bust cycles, global economic shocks
Radicalisation of socialism, revolutionary unrest in most European countries, successful establishment of Bolshevik regime in Russia
Apparent failure of liberal governments to deal with these problems and threats
Italy - Home of Fascism:
1919: Il manifesto dei fasci di combattimento
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