Modernity And The Wider World Revision Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 5 page long Modernity And The Wider World Revision notes, which we sell as part of the Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes collection, a 2:1 package written at University Of Nottingham in 2013 that contains (approximately) 40 pages of notes across 7 different documents.
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Modernity And The Wider World Revision Revision
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Modernity and the Wider World: East Asia Lecture: The Tribute System:
China was surrounded by vassal states all whom paid homage to the Qing dynasty
Europeans were 'allowed' in East Asia by the three major powers China, Japan and Korea o o
Portuguese had Macau
The British had trade agreements with China and extensive control over India
Dutch had a trading port in Japan
However with the Russian empire expanding southwards in search of a port with year-round access to the sea, the British moving up through the South China sea and the USA expanding from the East, the Tribute system failed
The Treaty Port system:
After the first opium war 1839-42 Britain gained control of Hong Kong and negotiated the opening of five treaty ports in which British merchants were permitted to trade with Chinese merchants
American general Perry established the opening of treaty ports in Japan
1860s saw the establishment of treaty ports in Korea
1870s more treaty ports open in China o
Spread into rivers and begin to dominate trade
The ports were a result of o
Often the result of a military defeat; allowed European powers to impose unfair regulations on the East Asian powers These treaties gave preferential treatment to European merchants
Threat of military action and Western military superiority forced the Asian powers to sign unequal treaties
The Challenge of the West - China:
The English East India Company began to produce excess opium in India and imported it illegally to China
The Canton system
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