History Notes > University Of Nottingham History Notes > Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes

Modernity And The Wider World Revision Notes

This is a sample of our (approximately) 5 page long Modernity And The Wider World Revision notes, which we sell as part of the Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes collection, a 2:1 package written at University Of Nottingham in 2013 that contains (approximately) 40 pages of notes across 7 different documents.

Learn more about our Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes

The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.

Modernity And The Wider World Revision Revision

The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.


Modernity and the Wider World: East Asia Lecture: The Tribute System:

China was surrounded by vassal states all whom paid homage to the Qing dynasty


Europeans were 'allowed' in East Asia by the three major powers China, Japan and Korea o o

Portuguese had Macau


The British had trade agreements with China and extensive control over India

Dutch had a trading port in Japan

However with the Russian empire expanding southwards in search of a port with year-round access to the sea, the British moving up through the South China sea and the USA expanding from the East, the Tribute system failed

The Treaty Port system:

After the first opium war 1839-42 Britain gained control of Hong Kong and negotiated the opening of five treaty ports in which British merchants were permitted to trade with Chinese merchants


American general Perry established the opening of treaty ports in Japan


1860s saw the establishment of treaty ports in Korea


1870s more treaty ports open in China o


Spread into rivers and begin to dominate trade

The ports were a result of o

'Unequal treaties'


Often the result of a military defeat; allowed European powers to impose unfair regulations on the East Asian powers These treaties gave preferential treatment to European merchants

'Gunboat diplomacy'

Threat of military action and Western military superiority forced the Asian powers to sign unequal treaties

The Challenge of the West - China:

The English East India Company began to produce excess opium in India and imported it illegally to China


The Canton system

****************************End Of Sample*****************************

Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes.