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Nations And Nationalism Revision Notes

History Notes > Roads to Modernity 1789-1945 Notes

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Nations and Nationalism Revision: Lecture: Italy:Nationalism largely concerned with exclusion of foreign intervention. Principally from Republican radicals or pro-Piedmontese moderates

Italy timeline:1813-14; Defeat of Napoleon in Italy leads to collapse of Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy with its capital of Milan (of which Napoleon had been King), Kingdom of Naples (where Napoleons brother was King), and direct rule of vast areas from Paris1814-15: o

Victorious allies at Congress of Vienna decided partially restore status quo throughout Italy however many of the nation-states are placed under Hapsburg rule.


House of Savoy return to Turin; Piedmont enlarged with the lands of Genoa


House of Bourbon return to Naples


Pope re-establishes his rule in Rome and reacquires power over the Papal StatesUnrest throughout the period 1815-48, especially revolutions in 1820-21 and early 1830s1848-9 mid-century revolutions1850s Piedmont emerges as the most prosperous Italian state under rule of Cavour1856 involvement in Crimean war leads to Piedmontese seat at peace talks; no resolution to the Italian question1858 Plombieres agreement o-

French aid to the cause of Piedmont-Sardinia against the Austrian empire in return for Savoy and Nice

1859 Piedmontese war against Austria for Lombardy-Venetia o

Lombardy annexed


French aid withdrawn due to Prussian mobilisation, strength of Austrian fortifications and domestic hostility to the war

1860 Garibaldi 'liberates' Sicily and crosses to the mainland o

Naples offers no resistance


Cavour advances into Papal States and annex large areas; Rome is untouched


Garibaldi hands southern Italy to Cavour's authorities

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