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British Foreign Policy Notes

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British Foreign Policy Revision

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Foreign policy

Foreign policy

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Contents


Past questions Quotes o Historiography o Castlereagh o Canning o Aberdeen o Palmerston o Russell o Malmesbury o Granville o Derby o Clarendon o Salisbury o Rosebery o Grey o Balfour Maps o The Vienna settlement o Foreign Secretaries graph Chronology o Secretaries of State for Foreign Affairs and incumbent Prime Ministers o International events o Domestic events General comments o Historiography o Principles o Intervention o Means o Continuity o Pragmatism o Power o Control o Nationalism Castlereagh o Background o Beliefs o France o Germany o Russia o Turkey o The Empire o The United States o Nationalism o Historiography Canning o Background

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o Approach o Beliefs o France o Russia o Turkey o The Empire o The United States o Nationalism Dudley o Summary Aberdeen I o Background o Beliefs o France o Russia o Turkey o The Empire o Nationalism Palmerston I o Background o Beliefs o France o Russia o Turkey o Nationalism Wellington o Summary Palmerston II o Approach o France o Russia o Turkey o The United States o The Empire Aberdeen II o Approach o France o Russia o The United States Palmerston III o Approach o France o Nationalism Granville I o Summary Malmesbury I o Summary Russell I o Background o Approach o France

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o Russia Clarendon I o Background o France o Russia o The United States o The Empire Malmesbury II o Summary Russell II o Approach o France o Germany o The United States o The Empire o Nationalism Clarendon II o Approach o Beliefs o Germany o The United States Derby I o Background o Beliefs o Approach Clarendon III o Background o Beliefs o The United States Granville II o Background o France o Germany o Russia o The United States Derby II o Background o Turkey Salisbury I o Background o Beliefs o Approach o Turkey o The Empire Granville III o Background o Approach o Turkey o The Empire Salisbury II o Background

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o Beliefs o Russia o Turkey Rosebery I o Summary Iddesleigh Salisbury III o Approach o Beliefs o Germany o Turkey o The Empire Rosebery II o Background o Beliefs Kimberley o Summary Salisbury IV o Background o France o Turkey o The United States o The Empire Lansdowne o Background o Beliefs o France o Germany o Russia o Turkey o The United States o The Empire Grey o Background o Approach o Beliefs o France o Germany o Russia o The Empire o Nationalism Balfour o Background o Beliefs o France o Germany o Russia o Turkey o The Empire o Nationalism Curzon

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Background Approach Russia The Empire

Quotes Historiography

Of 'that remarkable continuity of ideas which runs through our foreign policy during the nineteenth century'. o E Jones Parry. 'Foreign policy-makers have never operated in a vacuum'. o Andrew Porter.

Castlereagh

'I met Murder on the way - He had a mask like Castlereagh'.

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o Percy Bysshe Shelly, The Masque of Anarchy. It would seek 'the maintenance of the peace of Europe'. o The Quadruple Alliance Treaty (1815). "By what right could she (Britain) force a population, which had freed itself because its government was oppressive, to place itself once more under the domination of that same government?" o Castlereagh's question to the Russian ambassador over Latin American independence. That 'barbarous as it is, Turkey forms in the system of Europe a necessary evil'. o Castlereagh. "It never was however intended as an Union for the Government of the World, or for the Superintendence of the Internal Affairs of other States." o Castlereagh on the Quadruple Alliance, from the 1820 State Paper. Everyone 'who wishes prosperity to England, must wish prosperity to America'. o Lord Liverpool.

Canning



Equal dangers came from 'simple democracy' and 'simple Despotism', and Britain needed a course 'between Jacobinism and altruism'. o Canning. The Congress System was a 'new and very questionable policy'. o Canning. '(O)ur true policy has always been not to interfere except in great emergencies, and then with commanding force'. o Canning on European affairs. 'I called the New World into existence to redress the balance of the Old.' o Canning on the French intervention in Spain. 'Spanish America is free, and if we do not mismanage our affairs badly, she is English'. o Canning in 1824.

Aberdeen

Aberdeen was 'a great Greek'. o As described by one of his friends. Turkey was destroyed, and 'the Tranquillity of the World… along with it'. o Wellington after Navarino.

Palmerston

'One thing is certain - the French must go out of Belgium, or we have a general war, and war in a given number of days.' o Palmerston's letter to Ambassador Granville, intercepted by the French. 'Diplomats and protocols are very good things, but there are no better peace-keepers than well-appointed three-deckers'. o Palmerston.

Foreign policy revision notes

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