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Japan Notes

History Notes > Japan, 1850 - 1914 Notes

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Past questions Quotes o The Meiji Restoration o Meiji Japan o The Japanese Empire o Japan and the West Maps o Japan in 1894 o The Japanese Empire in 1914 Chronology o Domestic developments o Foreign affairs The Meiji Restoration o Edo Japan o Kaikoku o Japanese reaction o The prelude to revolution o The fall of the Shogun Modernisation o Historiography o Nation-state o Westernisation o Foreign affairs o Administration o Economy o Military o Reaction The Japanese Empire o Formal empire o Reasons for expansion o Rule o Domestic response Japan and the West o The Dutch o Rangaku o Western settlers o Migrants o Cultural imports o Cultural exports

Past questionsWhy did Japan acquire a colonial empire in the years 1895 - 1914?
o Trinity 2013 Japan

3????How receptive was Japan to western influences?
o Tutorial essay How important was the state for the success of Meiji reforms?
o Trinity 2012 How significant was universal conscription to the modernisation of Japan?
o Trinity 2011 What role did international trade play in the modernisation of Japan??
o Trinity 2010 Why was Japan able to industrialize so rapidly during the Meiji era?
o Trinity 2009 How important was agriculture to the modernisation of Japan?
o Trinity 2008 How receptive was Japan to western influences?
o Trinity 2007 Why was Japan able to industrialise so rapidly during the Meiji era?
o Trinity 2006 How far was the programme of the Meiji regime constrained by the need to appease traditional Japanese elites?
o Trinity 2005

Quotes The Meiji Restoration


4???"Our first priority is to save our world: if we are forced to permit trade for now... at a later time we will be able to redeem our honour". o Sugita Gempaku. "I am someone who can "bring fifty men-of-war to these shores". o Townsend Harris, American consul-general at Shimoda. It would "disturb the ideas of our people and make it impossible to preserve lasting tranquillity". o Emperor Komei on the Harris Treaty. To "honour the emperor, expel the barbarian" o Isolationist slogan. "The price of things is daily increasing," because of foreign products. o The shogun's council. Japan must "follow the example of the foreigners in using the profits from trade to construct many ships and guns". o Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi, 1865. A promise 'to unite the hearts of all people regardless of rank'. o Emperor Meiji's Charter Oath, April 1868.

Meiji Japan??"There is a great difference in our constitution compared with those of other countries." o Ito Hirobumi, Privy Council President. Any attempt to take power from the Emperor to the people would be "contrary to our national polity". o Ito Hirobumi, Privy Council President. We are "sleeping on a powder keg" of samurai dissatisfaction. o Saigo Takamori. "Do not the police seize on a single word or phrase to throw the speaker in jail and disband the meeting?" o A speaker at a People's Right Movement meeting. "Gentlemen, it is your duty to advance the status of Japan". o Takahashi Korekiyo's farewell speech to Tokyo Agricultural College students, 1889.

The Japanese Empire??

"If the sun is not ascending it is descending... If the country is not flourishing it is declining. Therefore to protect the country well is not merely [to prevent] it losing the position it holds, but to add to the position it does not hold." o Yoshida Shoin. Seizing Korea would "eliminate recrimination and jealously among its people" (the Japanese people). o Kido Takayoshi. "I insist on war with China to transform Japan, hitherto a contracting nation, into an expansive nation." o Tokutomi Soho. "Patriotism and militarism are our common foes". o The People's Daily. Japan

5 Japan and the West?"Hence we must imitate them in these respects". o Okubo Toshimichi. "I knew the principle of telegraphy even if I had not seen the actual machine before". o Fukuzawa Yukichi. "Japan is the museum of Asiatic civilisation". o Okakura Tenshin.


6 Maps Japan in 1894



The Japanese Empire in 1914


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