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Military Revolution And Tactics Notes

History Notes > The Military Revolution and Military Tactics, 1550 - 1815 Notes

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Military Revolution, tactics, and the state

Military Revolution, tactics, and the state Contents?

Past questions Quotes o A Briefe Discourse of Warre

2????o The Marlborough-Godolphin Correspondence o The Barrington Papers o Treatise of Military Discipline o Reveries, or, Memoirs Concerning the Art of War o The Partisan, or, the Making of War in Detachment o Secondary sources o The Military Revolution o The fiscal-military state o Tactics Chronology o Wars o Events Principal sources o A Briefe Discourse of Warre o The Exercise of Armes for Caliures, Muskettes, and Pikes o The Marlborough-Godolphin Correspondence o The Barrington Papers o Treatise of Military Discipline o Reveries, or, Memoirs Concerning the Art of War o An Essay on the Art of War o The Partisan, or, the Art of Making War in Detachment o Naval Evolutions, or, a System of Sea-Discipline Secondary sources o The Seaman's Narrative o The Blackader Diary o The Encyclopedie o Some Few Brief Principles of Tacticks o Memoirs for the Instruction of the Dauphin o The Saint-Simon Memoirs o The Todd Journal Michael Roberts o Summary o The Roberts Thesis o The state Geoffrey Parker o Summary o Date criticisms o The trace italienne o Defence of the Military Revolution Jeremy Black o The Military Revolution David Parrott o The Military Revolution John A Lynn o The Military Revolution o Seven stages of military growth o Army size and the fiscal-military state o Tactics o The trace italienne o The state Colin Jones Military Revolution, tactics, and the

state

3?o The effect of the Military Revolution on French army size o Centralising the French army John Brewer o The fiscal-military state thesis o The early British and French states o The British armed forces o The administration o Raising money o The rise of the fiscal-military state The fiscal-military state o Expenditure o France o Britain o Tilly o The caring fiscal-military state Tactics o General o France o Britain o Sieges o Amphibious operations

Quotes A Briefe Discourse of Warre?"A good Chiefe; A good Purse; And good Justice". o The three principles of war according to Sir Roger Williams. A "brave Chief will force his Enemies Countreyes to maintaine his action". o Sir Roger Williams "Warres consists altogether in good Chiefs, & experimented Soldiers" o Sir Roger Williams.

Military Revolution, tactics, and the state

4???

"Nations must not flatter themselves with what they have beene, but what they are". o Sir Roger Williams. "These Coronells of three dayes, marres all the Armies of the world." o Sir Roger Williams criticises inexperience. With the Inquisition "they take men's goods at their pleasure". o Sir Roger Williams on Spanish occupation. The pistol is "lighter and farre more terrible" than the mace. o Sir Roger Williams on the arming of light cavalry. Williams claims "the Pike is the strength of all Battailes". o Sir Roger Williams. Alexander, Caesar, Scipio, and Hannibal would never have conquered so easily had their enemies been as "fortified as Germany, France, and the Low Countries, with others, have been since their daies". o Sir Roger Williams.

The Barrington Papers?

One soldier snapped that: "he was the King's Servant... and that he would go a fishing and sporting wherever he pleas'd". o Complaint from a civilian to Viscount Barrington. "Your Lordship for the future will please confine your Orders to the Forces under your Command". o Viscount Barrington to Major-General the Earl of Home.

The Marlborough-Godolphin Correspondence???Louis of Baden lamented having to act "like a hussar". o Louis of Baden regrets devastating Bavaria in 1704. Neuberg was "of very great consequence to us". o The Duke of Marlborough writes to Sir Sidney Godolphin. "doing our utmost to ruin his country". o The Duke of Marlborough on the Elector of Bavaria. That "it may at last doe ourselves hurt, for want of what we destroye". o The Duke of Marlborough on the devastation of Bavaria. "[T]he poor soldiers shall not want bread". o The Duke of Marlborough. "The army I am joined with has neither canon nor mony, which are two very necessary things for success". o The Duke of Marlborough. That "these poor pepel suffers onely for their master's ambition". o The Duke of Marlborough.

Treatise of Military DisciplineThe "Necessity of Legal Military Subordination". o Humphrey Bland.

Reveries, or, Memoirs Concerning the Art of War

Military Revolution, tactics, and the state

5????"Nothing is so disgraceful as that slavish adherence to custom, which prevails at present" o Maurice de Saxe. "[I]t is much easier to take men as they are, than to make them what they ought to be". o Maurice de Saxe. "[I]f they contract any disorders, they are suffered to perish for want of proper assistance". o Maurice de Saxe on the state of the imperial soldiers. "The love of appearance prevails over the regard due to health". o Maurice de Saxe on uniform. "a man of quality thinks himself very ill used, if the court does not present him with a regiment at the age of eighteen or twenty." o Maurice de Saxe. The Greeks and Romans "who are, or ought to be, our masters". o Maurice de Saxe. They "make more noise than they do execution" o Maurice de Saxe on firearms. "[N]ow that war is carried on with more moderation and humanity". o Maurice de Saxe. And "the ancient fortifications are absolutely good for nothing, and the modern ones are not much better". o Maurice de Saxe.

An Essay on the Art of War?

A battle is a "last extremity". o Count Turpin de Crisse. A general should avoid "oppressing humanity". o Count Turpin de Crisse.

The Partisan, or, the Making of War in Detachment"Excesses which are shocking to Humanity". o Problems typically caused by poor partisans, according to Louis Michel de Jeney.

Secondary sources'For a victory to be complete, you must go on to attack the enemy's strongholds.' o The Encyclopedie.

The Military Revolution"Without uniforms, there can be no discipline." o Frederick the Great. Military Revolution, tactics, and the

state

6??"All the wars of Europe are now blended into one". o Gustavus Adolphus on the Thirty Years' War. The "ancient distinction between the Cavalry and Infantry, as to their birth and breeding, is wholly taken away". o Sir James Turner. "[I]t is no easy task to provide for the subsistence of vast multitudes in a distant desert". o Charles, Earl Cornwallis, writing the Pitt the Younger in the 1790s. 'Pillage... constituted, along with women and drink, the unofficial wages of war.' o Colin Jones. "For we make war more like foxes, than like lyons; and you will have twenty sieges for one battell." o Roger Boyle, Lord Broghill and Orrery, 1670.

The fiscal-military state???'As they fashioned an organisation for making war, the king's servants inadvertently created a centralised state'. o Charles Tilly. Richelieu reconciled Louis XIII to the expense of the war by claiming that 180,000 troops provided "posterity with an immortal argument of the power of this crown". o Cardinal Richelieu. '[A]n almost prodigal delegation of powers'. o Colin Jones on the French army under Louis XIII and Richelieu. "History knows more armies ruined by want and disorder than by the efforts of their enemies." o Richelieu. "The sinews of war are infinite money." o Cicero. The most 'absolutist fiscal system in Europe'. o Patrick K O'Brien. "Money may... be the sinews of war; but it must find men to make up the flesh and substance of our armies." o Israel Mauduit, 1760.

Tactics???

"Firearms and not cold steel now decide battles". o War Minister Puysegur writing in the 1740s. "Artillery adds dignity to what would otherwise be a vulgar brawl". o Claimed Frederick the Great. "I cannot conceive how war can be made in such a country". o A young British officer, arriving in America in 1755. "It is impossible for an Army to Act in this Country, without Rangers". o The Earl of Loudon. "People seem wonderfully spirited to go out after the Indians". o Reverend Thomas Smith. "The bullet misses, the bayonet does not." Military Revolution, tactics, and the

state

7?o General Aleksandr Suvorov. "Nothing can be more hilarious than the condition of a colonel on board ship". o Perron de Revel. That "cannon fire does no great damage during a battle". o E Mauvillon after the War of the Austrian Succession. Artillery is 'but an accessory'. o The Comte de Guibert.

Chronology Wars 1618 - 1648 - Thirty Years' War. 1642 - 1651 - English Civil War. 1648 - 1653 - The Fronde. 1672 - 1678 - The Dutch War. Military Revolution, tactics, and the state

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