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War At Sea Notes

History Notes > War at Sea, 1550 - 1815 Notes

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Contents????Past questions Quotes o The Seaman's Narrative o The Renney Journal o Secondary sources o General o Supply o Manning Chronology o Wars o Events Principal sources o The Seaman's Narrative o Naval Administration o The Wilson Journal o The Nagle Journal o The Mercer Wilson Journal o The Renney Journal Secondary sources o Naval Evolutions, or, a System of Sea-Discipline o 'Instructions for Privateers' o The Teonge Journal o The Durant Journal Warfare o Ship types o Battle o Blockade o Economic warfare o Cost o Education The Military Revolution o The Military Revolution at sea o Michael Roberts o Jeremy Black o The French Revolution The French Navy o Administration o Relations with the state o Logistics o The Revolution o The Napoleonic Navy The Royal Navy o Power o Administration o Relations with the state o Manning o Popular culture



Quotes The Seaman's Narrative



"[S]uch opportunities of visiting foreign countries, and beholding the wonderful works of the Creator in the remote regions of the Earth". o The attraction of the navy to William Spavens. "I was much neglected and much injured." o William Spavens on being passed over for promotion.

The Renney Journal??

"This proved fatal to many". o Patrick Renney on Lord Hawke's insistence on James' Powder. I refuse "this ignorant prescription". o Patrick Renney to Dr Vincent, on being bled with the fever. Dr Vincent "killed more Frenchmen than all the commanders of the navy put together". o Patrick Renney. A "scene so horrible and full of terror". o Patrick Renney on the prospect of the ship catching fire.

Secondary sources??To "by force of armes, apprehend, seize, and take, upon the seas, any of the shipps, merchandizes, and goods" of the party that had wrong them. o 1649 instructions. "French fishermen are not to be molested". o 1645 instructions. No-one can be "in cold blood killed, maimed, wounded... or inhumanely treated, contrary to the common uses and just provisions of war". o 1666 instructions. "That all ships carrying any contraband goods to France and Spain shall be seized as prize to his Majesty". o 1744 instructions. Men "whose Crimes were by no means equal to the severity of their Punishment". o George Durant.


It "has annihilated the navy and finished its plans". o Captain SF Bigot de Morogues on the Battle of Quiberon Bay, 1759. "The ports, the ships of war, and even merchantmen, will be exposed to mutinies and insurrections". o A letter to the Minister of Marine. "Les aristocrates a la lanterne!" o Cries of the mutineers at Brest. "It is revolution, not insurrection". o The Captain of Le Northumberland, when asked if his crew was in mutiny.



5'The quantity and quality of supply determined how long the navy could stay at sea, how long they could blockade an enemy fleet or harbour and how well sailors fought in battle.' o John Brewer.


"No man will be a sailor who has contrivance enough to get himself into jail... A man in jail has more room, better food and commonly better company". o Dr Samuel Johnson. "The greatest difficulty and vexation in a war is the manning of ships". o Sir William Coventry.



Chronology Wars 1618 - 1648 - Thirty Years' War. 1642 - 1651 - English Civil War. 1648 - 1653 - The Fronde. 1672 - 1678 - The Dutch War. 1688 - 1697 - The Nine Years' War (King William's War or the War of the English Succession). 1702 - 1713 - The War of the Spanish Succession. 1733 - 1738 - The War of the Polish Succession. 1739 - 1748 - The War of Jenkins' Ear and the Austrian Succession (starting in 1740). 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years' War. 1775 - 1783 - The American War of Independence.



Events 1550 - Start of Roberts Century 1639 - Battle of the Downs; line-ahead tactics used successfully for the first time 1649 - First letter of marque issued 1652 - Further additions to privateering laws 1653 - English start using line-ahead formation 1660 - End of Roberts Century; start of the second Military Revolution, according to Jeremy Black 1666 - New privateering instructions against France and Holland 1667 - Dutch raid on the Medway 1670 - Coin struck commemorating the capture of British merchant ships 1672 - Privateering instructions insist on communication with the Admiralty 1681 - Instructions against Algiers 1692 - French defeat at Barfleur 1693 - New instructions move towards total war 1703 - Admiral Rooke and the main allied fleet in the Channel achieve little 1704 - New instructions make all French and Spanish shipping fair game 1714 - The Royal Navy had 247 ships. 1720 - End of the second Military Revolution, according to Jeremy Black 1729 - Shore-based academy was set up at Portsmouth 1739 - Eight Spanish men-of-war slip from Cadiz 1744 - France plans to invade England; de Saxe chosen as general; another instruction set 1756 - Keep away from Spanish shipping privateer instructions


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