This is an extract of our Colin Holmes – John Bull’s Island document, which we sell as part of our Immigration in post-war Britain Notes collection written by the top tier of University Of Warwick (MA) students.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Immigration in post-war Britain Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
Colin Holmes - John Bull's Island: Immigration & British Society, 1871-1971 Chapter Five?
Immigration in postwar period: initially o Poles (c. 150,000) o Displaced persons (DPs, c. 80,000)
? EVW schemes often directed at particular labour shortages (p. 213) o Lots of Irish (pp. 216) o Later Chinese (p. 218) Black/brown migration o Initially from West Africa (p. 220) o Immigration from West Indies became more marked in 1950s (men majority but many women)
1. Underdevelopment of British territories, starved of investment - large surplus labour populations
2. Demand for labour in Britain - this was "the dominant regulator"
3. Severe curtailment of immigration to US following 1952 McCarran-Walter Act
4. Fear of restrictions leading up to 1962 Immigration Act o Some West Indians were induced to migrate by specific recruitment drives
? E.g. London Transport Executive, British Hotels and Restaurants Association (p. 221) o (p. 223) In Indian subcontinent there was also a significant inverse correlation between emigration and unemployment level in Britain (but not as significant as for the West Indies)
? This probs down to more options, better embedded networks in Britain, strength of internal economy in Britain o Limited industrialization and poor land quality led Pakistanis to emigrate o Immigration from Indian subcontinent reduced less following 1962 Immigration Act
? But 'Unskilled workers tended to be replaced by skilled and professional workers in line with the entry restrictions imposed by the British government.' (p. 224)
? Dependants also began to arrive in 1960s
? Men had often not intended to stay, but prospect of immigration controls encouraged
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our Immigration in post-war Britain Notes.