Learning Disability Notes
This is a sample of our (approximately) 3 page long Learning Disability notes, which we sell as part of the Clinical Psychiatry Notes collection, a 1st package written at Bristol University in 2014 that contains (approximately) 47 pages of notes across 21 different documents.
The original file is a 'Word (Docx)' whilst this sample is a 'PDF' representation of said file. This means that the formatting here may have errors. The original document you'll receive on purchase should have more polished formatting.
Learning Disability Revision
The following is a plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Clinical Psychiatry Notes. This text version has had its formatting removed so pay attention to its contents alone rather than its presentation. The version you download will have its original formatting intact and so will be much prettier to look at.
Definition o Learning disability= People who have ICD 10 diagnosis of Mental Retardation o Moron= 19th century, non-derogatory o Mental deficiency= Legally (and medically) post-1913 o Feeble Minded= 1840s Learning disability o Moral defective= Subgroup- include people above normal intelligence o Mongol= Trisomy 21 (1860s) o Natural innocent= Medieval o Subnormality= Legal/medical term (1959) o Mental handicap= Medical (1970s) o Learning difficulties= Pressure groups, social services o Special needs= Educational authorities
People with learning disability o Medically heterogenous group; Social & medical o Medical diagnosis
Reduced level of functioning [IQ <70]
Impaired adaptive behaviour & therefore need for support
Occurring before 18 [Not adult head injury]
o Common issues
Additional handicaps & mental impairments o Additional
Level of ability
Associated medical conditions
Associated psychiatric disorders
Global assessment of psychosocial disability/abnormal situations
IQ scores and mental age o IQ/100 x (Age)= Mental age o Children= calculate equivalent mental age from IQ o Adult= Assume average adult has mental age 18
IQ 50= Mental test age 9
Definition & grades of learning disability o Diagnosis
Need for support
From childhood (before 18) o 2.5% population IQ <70 BUT only 0.3-0.5% LD (Most not LD) o 4 groups
MILD IQ 50-69 (Mental age 9-12; 80% LD)
Look after self (no budgeting, plan). Talk about things/read
Problems discussing abstract ideas & think from other PoV
Problems finding way around unfamiliar places
MODERATE IQ 35-49 (Mental age 6-9; 12% LD)
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